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Flashcards in B Deck (23):
1

beginning at 3 to 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.

babbling stage

2

drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment.

barbituates

3

the body's resting rate of energy expenditure.

basal metabolic rate

4

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

basic research

5

according to Erik Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy; said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers.

basic trust

6

the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior.

behavior genetics

7

therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.

behavior therapy

8

an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease.

behavioral medicine

9

the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).

behaviorism

10

the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid.

belief bias

11

clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.

belief perseverance

12

depth cues, such as retinal disparity and convergence, that depend on the use of two eyes.

binocular cues

13

a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension.

biofeedback

14

a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior

biological psychology

15

periodic physiological fluctuations.

biological rhythyms

16

a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders.

bio-social-medical perspective

17

a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.

bipolar disorder

18

the point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye, creating a "blind" spot because no receptor cells are located there.

blindspot

19

analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to the brain's integration of sensory information.

bottom-up-processing

20

the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; the brainstem is responsible for automatic survival functions.

brainstem

21

an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech.

Broca's area

22

an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of highly caloric foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise
burnout physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job related stress

bulimia nervosa

23

the tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.

bystander effect