Flashcards in B Deck (23):
beginning at 3 to 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment.
the body's resting rate of energy expenditure.
basal metabolic rate
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
according to Erik Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy; said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers.
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior.
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.
an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease.
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).
the tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid.
clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.
depth cues, such as retinal disparity and convergence, that depend on the use of two eyes.
a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension.
a branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior
periodic physiological fluctuations.
a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders.
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.
the point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye, creating a "blind" spot because no receptor cells are located there.
analysis that begins with the sense receptors and works up to the brain's integration of sensory information.
the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; the brainstem is responsible for automatic survival functions.
an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech.
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of highly caloric foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise
burnout physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion brought on by persistent job related stress