Flashcards in F Deck (28):
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score
the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors.
False consensus effect
therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication.
someone who imagines and recalls experiences with lifelike vividness and who spends considerable time fantasizing.
a condition in which faraway objects are seen more clearly than near objects because the image of near objects is focused behind the retina.
nerve cells in the brain that respond to specific features of the stimulus, such as shape, angle, or movement
people's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood
feel good, do good phenomenon
physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking In severe cases, symptoms include noticeable facial misproportions.
fetal alcohol syndrome
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth
the organization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground)
according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, where conflicts were unresolved.
the inability to see a problem from a new perspective; an impediment to problem solving.
in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed.
fixed interval schedule
in operant conditioning, a schedule of reinforcement that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
fixed ration schedule
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event
one's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood
the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request.
in Piaget's theory the stage of cognitive development (normally beginning about age 12 during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts
formal operational stage
the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster
the way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significant~ affect decisions and judgments
twins who develop from separate eggs. They are genetically no closer than brothers and sisters, but they share a fetal environment
in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing
the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time (for exampIe, per second).
in hearing, the theory that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the frequency of a tone, thus enabling us to sense its pitch.
the portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments.
the principle that frustration--the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal creates anger, which can generate aggression.
the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment to problem solving.