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Flashcards in I Deck (31):
1

a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli; a photographic or picture-image memory tasting no more than a few tenths of a second

iconic memory

2

contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.

id

3

twins who develop from a single fertilized egg that splits in two, creating two genetically identical organisms.

identical twins

4

the process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos

identification

5

one's sense of self; according to Erikson, the adolescent's task is to solidify a sense of self by testing and integrating various roles

identity

6

the perception of a relationship where none exists

illusory correlation

7

retention without conscious recollection (of skills and dispositions)

implicit memory

8

the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life.

imprinting

9

a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

incentive

10

the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied.

independent varible

11

giving priority to one's own goals over group goals, and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications.

individualism

12

expert systems and efforts to model human thinking inspired by our current understanding of how the brain works

industrial robots

13

a sub field of psychology that studies and advises on workplace behavior Industrial/organizational (I/O) psychologists help organizations select and train employees, boost morale and productivity, and design products and assess responses to them.

industrial/organizational psychology

14

influence resulting from one's willingness to accept others' opinions about reality.

informational social influence

15

people with whom one shares a common identity

ingroup

16

the tendency to favor one's own group

ingroup bias

17

the innermost part of the ear, containing the cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibular sacs.

inner ear

18

a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.

insight

19

recurring problems in fatling or staying asleep

insomnia

20

a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.

instinct

21

mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.

intelligence

22

defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 [thus, IQ (ma/ca)

intelligence quotient

23

a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores.

intelligence test

24

the amount of energy in a light or sound wave, which we perceive as brightness or loudness, as determined by the wave's amplitude.

intensity

25

the effect of one factor (such as environment) depends on another factor (such as heredity

interaction

26

the perception that one controls one's own fate

internal locus of control

27

central nervous system neurons that internally communicate and intervene between the sensory inputs and motor outputs.

interneurons

28

in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors in order to promote insight.

interpretation

29

in Erikson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood.

intimacy

30

a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake and to be effective

intrinsic motivation

31

a ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening

iris