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Flashcards in G Deck (19):
1

hat the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate" that blocks pain signals or allows them to pass on to the brain The "gate" is opened by the activity of pain signals traveling up small nerve fibers and is closed by activity in larger fibers or by information coming from the brain.

Gate control theory

2

one's sense of being male or female

gender identity

3

-a set of expected behaviors for males and for females.

gender role

4

the theory that children learn from their cultures a concept of what it means to be male and female and that they adjust their behavior accordingly.

gender schema theory

5

in psychology, the characteristics, whether biologically or socially influenced, by which people define male and female

gender

6

the acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role.

gender-typing

7

Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages-alarm, resistance, exhaustion.

general adaptation syndrome

8

a general intelligence factor that Spearman and others believed underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test

general intelligence

9

the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.

geralization

10

an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal

generalized anxiety disorder

11

the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein.

genes

12

the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in its chromosomes. The human genome has 3 billion weakly bonded pairs of nucleotides organized as coiled chains of DNA.

gnome

13

an organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasize our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes.

gestalt

14

cells in the nervous system that are not neurons but that support, nourish, and protect neurons

glial cells

15

the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues When its level is low, we feel hunger

glucose

16

a system of rules in a language that enables us to communicate with and understand others

grammar

17

the enhancement of a group's prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group.

group polarization

18

the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups

grouping

19

the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives.

groupthink