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Flashcards in M Deck (34):
1

a mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.

major depressive disorder

2

a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state.

manic episode

3

according to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream (as distinct from its latent content).

manifest content

4

-biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience

maturation

5

the arithmetic average of a distribution, obtained by adding the scores and then dividing by the number of scores.

mean

6

the middle score in a distribution; half the scores are above it and half are below it.

median

7

the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured. When applied to psychological disorders, the medical model assumes that these "mental" illnesses can be diagnosed on the basis of their symptoms and cured through therapy, which may include treatment in a psychiatric hospital.

medical model

8

the base of the brainstem; controls heartbeat and breathing.

medulla

9

self replicating ideas, fashions, and innovations passed from person to person

memes

10

the first menstrual period

menarche

11

the time of natural cessation of menstruation; also refers to the biological changes a woman experiences as her ability to reproduce declines

menopause

12

a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance. Thus, a child who does as welt as the average 8-year-old is said to have a mental age of 8.

metal age

13

a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score below 70 and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life; varies from mild to profound.

mental retardation

14

a tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past but may or may not be helpful in solving a new problem.

mental set

15

the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them.

mere exposure effect

16

a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

meta analysis

17

the chamber between the eardrum and cochlea containing three tiny bones (hammer, anvil, and stirrup) that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea's oval window.

middle ear

18

the most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. Originally developed to identify emotional disorders (still considered its most appropriate use), this test is now used for many other screening purposes.

MMPI

19

incorporating misleading information into ones memory of an event

misinformation effect

20

memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices.

mnemonics

21

the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior

modeling

22

the most frequently occurring score in a distribution

mode

23

the subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes

molecular genetics

24

he presumption that mind and body are different aspects of the same thing

monism

25

distance cues, such as linear perspective and overlap, available to either eye alone.

monocular cues

26

psychological disorders~ characterized by emotional extremes See major depressive disorder; manic episode, and bipolar disorder

mood disorders

27

the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood.

mood-congruent memory

28

in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word

morpheme

29

a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior

motivation

30

an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements.

motor cortex

31

the neurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands.

motor neurons

32

a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer generated images that distinguish among different types of soft tissue; allows us to see structures within the brain.

MRI

33

random errors in gene replication that lead to a change in the sequence of nucleotides; the source of all genetic diversity.

mutations

34

a layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of many neurons; enables vastly greater transmission speed of neural impulses as the impulse hops from one node to the next.

myelin sheath