Flashcards in E Deck (25):
momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds.
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.
encoding that requires attention and conscious effort.
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
in Piaget's theory the inability of the preoperational child to take another's point of view.
an amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp.
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month.
a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3) conscious experience.
the ability to perceive, express, understand, and regulate emotions.
a test (such as the MM P1) developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups
empirically derived test
the processing of information into the memory system-for example, by extracting meaning
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
natural, opiate like neurotransmitters linked to pain control and to pleasure
very nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the people and things around us
a condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it
a sex hormone, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.
the study of the evolution of behavior and the mind, using principles of natural selection Natural selection is presumed to have favored genes that predisposed behavior tendencies and information processing systems that solved adaptive problems faced by our ancestors, thus contributing to the survival and spread of their genes.
a research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors (independent variables) to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process (the dependent variable). By random assignment of participants the experimenter controls other relevant factors.
-the condition of an experiment that exposes participants to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable
memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare."
the perception that chance or outside forces beyond one's personal control determine one's fate.
external locus of control
the diminishing of a conditioned response; in classical conditioning this occurs when an unconditioned stimulus (UCS) does not follow a conditioned stimulus (CS)
the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input. Said to include telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition.