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Flashcards in H Deck (16):
1

decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus, their interest wanes and they look away sooner.

habituation

2

false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus.

hallucinations

3

psychedelic ("mind­manifesting") drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.

hallucinogens

4

a sub field of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

health psychology

5

the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes. The heritability of a trait may vary depending on the range of populations and environments studied

heritability

6

a rule-of-thumb strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms

heuristic

7

Hilgard's term describing a hypnotized subject's awareness of experiences, such as pa that go unreported during hypnosis

hidden observer

8

Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.

hierarchy of needs

9

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it (also known as the I knew-it-all-along phenomenon)

hindsight bias

10

a neural center located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage

hippocampus

11

a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.

homeostasis

12

chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocrine glands, that are produced in one tissue and affect another.

hormones

13

the dimension of color that is determined by the wavelength of light; what we know as the color names blue, green, and so forth.

hue

14

a social interaction in which one person (the hypnotist) suggests to another (the subject) that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur

hypnosis

15

neural structure lying below (hypo) the thalamus; it directs several maintenance activities (eating, drinking, body temperature), helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion.

hypothalamus

16

a testable prediction, often implied by a theory.

hypothesis