Flashcards in Blood Administration Deck (16)
What must be received before a transfusion is started?
Signed written consent
What Blood type is considered universal and can be used for all other donors?
Type 0 Negative
What blood type is considered the universal recipient and can receive all blood
Type AB positive
What is the most common infection spread through blood transfusion?
In order to determine donor compatibility, what must be done?
Type and cross match
What must be done to determine a client's baseline before starting transfusion?
Take vital signs
What size IV must the client have?
18G with a filter needle
How many nurses confirm the unit of blood?
How long after blood is removed from blood bank's refrigerator do you have to start it?
How long must you stay with the client after transfusion has started?
How many mL's are in one unit of packed red blood cells?
about 250 mL
What are the signs of an adverse reaction?
Restlessness, nausea, hives, SOB, fever, chills, back pain
What do you do if an adverse reaction occurs?
Stop blood and run the normal saline that hangs with blood, do vitals, notify physician and blood bank. Make sure urine and blood cultures are done.
Why must you run blood at a slow rate?
Because running blood fast can cause fluid overload
What drug is also used to treat anemia because it increases red blood cell production?
Epogen ( epoetin alfa)