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Flashcards in Blood Administration Deck (16)
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1

What must be received before a transfusion is started?

Signed written consent

2

What Blood type is considered universal and can be used for all other donors?

Type 0 Negative

3

What blood type is considered the universal recipient and can receive all blood

Type AB positive

4

What is the most common infection spread through blood transfusion?

Hepatitis B

5

In order to determine donor compatibility, what must be done?

Type and cross match

6

What must be done to determine a client's baseline before starting transfusion?

Take vital signs

7

What size IV must the client have?

18G with a filter needle

8

How many nurses confirm the unit of blood?

2

9

How long after blood is removed from blood bank's refrigerator do you have to start it?

30 mnutes

10

How long must you stay with the client after transfusion has started?

15 minutes

11

How many mL's are in one unit of packed red blood cells?

about 250 mL

12

What are the signs of an adverse reaction?

Restlessness, nausea, hives, SOB, fever, chills, back pain

13

What do you do if an adverse reaction occurs?

Stop blood and run the normal saline that hangs with blood, do vitals, notify physician and blood bank. Make sure urine and blood cultures are done.

14

Why must you run blood at a slow rate?

Because running blood fast can cause fluid overload

15

What drug is also used to treat anemia because it increases red blood cell production?

Epogen ( epoetin alfa)

16

Clients taking Epogen should be monitored for what?

Hypertension and seizures

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