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Flashcards in Diuretics Deck (14)
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1

What are the three ways a diuretic can be given?

PO, IV, IM

2

Why are diuretics prescribed?

Chronic heart Failure
Fluid overload
Renal failure

3

When should clients take this medication?

In the morning to prevent nocturia

4

Why should clients take diuretics during this time?

If taken in the evening, clients will be going to the bathroom all night.

5

What should clients be monitored for?

Dehydration, Low K+ hyponatremia, and weight loss

6

Loop and Thiazide diuretics inhibit which electrolytes?

Potassium, sodium, chloride

7

Lasix (furosemide) is a ____ diuretic

Loop

8

Thiazide diuretics are contraindicated in clients allergic to?

Sulfa drugs

9

_____ is an osmotic diuretic used to reduce ICP

Mannitol (Osmitrol)

10

Because Mannitol crystallizes at room temperature; you will need a _____ needle to draw up

Filter

11

Spironolactone (Aldactone) is a _____ sparing diuretic

Potassium

12

Because Spironolactone helps the body retain potassium, the client is at risk for?

Hyperkalemia

13

If your client's K+=3.0 and Lasix and Spironolactone are both ordered, how would you proceed?

Only give the spironolactone The potassium is low and Lasix will only create more K+ loss.

14

To accurately measure urine output, a patient _____ _____ may be given.

Indwelling (Foley) catheter

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