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Flashcards in Sickle Cell Anemia Deck (10)
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1

Is this autosomal trait recessive or dominant?

Recessive; most commonly seen in African Americans

2

How is this condition inherited?

A child receives the gene from both parents.

3

How long do sickled RBCs live compared to normal RBCs?

6-20 days; normal is 120

4

What does this put the patient at risk for?

Anemia

5

What test determines sickle cell anemia?

Hemoglobin - shows anemia
Sickle testing of blood

6

The acute exacerbation of sickle cell anemia is called ____ ____ ____

Sickle cell crisis or vaso-occlusive crisis

7

The most common cause is ______

Dehydration

8

This causes the sickled blood to do what?

Clot

9

How do you treat a sickle cell crisis?

Hydrate with oral and IV fluids, give 02 to increase tissue perfusion; a blood transfusion may be needed;
give pain meds - very painful

10

During a sickle cell crisis, which intervention is done first--- give 02 or hydrate with IV fluids?

Hydrate with IV fluids;
remember, during a crisis the blood is clumped together, so the goal is to decrease the viscosity of the blood. 02 will not reverse the cause; it will only prevent more clumping.

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