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Flashcards in Total Parenteral Nutrition Deck (11)
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1

A client's nutrients are supplied through _____

Veins

2

Why would a client need TPN?

If GI tract wasn't working properly

3

What needs to be monitored closely?

Blood sugars; due to dextrose in TPN

4

If TPN is suddenly increased, client is at risk for?

Hyperglycemia due to gradual increased rate if infusion

5

What other electrolyte imbalance can TPN cause?

Hyperkalemia, hypermagnesemia, hyper-phosphatemia

6

How often do you change the TPN bag?

Every 24 hours

7

What medications can be hung with TPN tubing?

None; never do this

8

Why must tubing be changed daily?

To decrease risk for sepsis
TPN increase risk for bacteria to form in tubing

9

Elevation inn temperature is a sign of?

Infection

10

Why must TPN be gradually decreased?

To prevent rebound hypoglycemia

11

If TPN is unavailable, which IV fluid can be hung as a temporary substitution?

10% dextrose water

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