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Flashcards in Intravenous Therapy Deck (12)
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1

Why are IV fluids used?

They are a quick way to replace nutrients, water, and electrolytes

2

What are the three types of IV fluid?

Isotonic, hypotonic, hypertonic

3

describe isotonic fluid/ give examples.

Isotonic fluid is the same as the inside of the cell. 0.95 normal saline, lactated ringer, D5W

4

Why would you give isotonic fluids?

D.K.A., burns, to replace sodium and chloride * 0.9 % NS always hung with blood**

5

Describe hypotonic fluid/give examples.

Hypotonic fluid is less concentrated than the cell. This would cause water to move into the cell. 0.45% NS is an example

6

Why would you give hypotonic fluids?

Dehydration, hypernatremia; lowers blood pressure

7

Why should this fluid be closely monitored?

Because a rapid increase in fluid shifting into the cells can cause cellular and cerebral edema.

8

Describe hypertonic fluid/ give examples.

Hypertonic fluid is more concentrated than cell. This would cause water movement out of the cell.
5%NS, D5%NS, D5%LR

9

Why would you give hypertonic fluids?

Hyponatremia, nutrion

10

Why should this fluid be closely monitored?

Because it can cause eletrolyte imbalance and dehydration

11

Before you star IV fluids, assess client's____

IV; make sure it is patent

12

If the IV is infiltrated, what would you see?

Cool, swollen, tender, painful at the site

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