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Flashcards in Classification of Burns Deck (14)
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1

1st degree (superficial partial thickness)

Skin pink/red, painful (e.g., sunburn)

2

2nd degree (Deep partial thickness)

Skin red/white, blisters, swelling

3

3rd degree (full thickness)

Skin black /brown, edema, all layers of skin burned, grafting needed

4

What is the formula used to determine fluid replacement for the first 24 hours?

Parkland formula

5

What is thew Parkland formula?

4ml of LR x wt (kg) x % of body burn

6

How much of this fluid do you give in the first 8 hours

1/2 of total volume

7

How much of this fluid do you give for the second 8 hours?

1/4 of total volume

8

How much fluid do you give for the third 8 hours

1/4 of total volume

9

Should you burst a blister?

No

10

What is the best route for pain meds?

IV

11

What diet is appropriate for burn clients?

High calorie, high protein

12

What is a common electrolyte problem in clients with burns?

Hypokalemia or hyperkalemia; Both can be seen in clients with burns

13

Due to prolonged stress, clients are at risk for what type of ulcers?

Curling's ulcers

14

What medication should be given before dressing changes?

Pain medication

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