Turberculosis (TB) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Turberculosis (TB) Deck (14)
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1

What organism is the cause of TB?

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

2

What are the signs of active TB?

Productive cough, night sweats, chills, weight loss, low-grade fever

3

The _____ test is administered by injecting a small amount of tuberculin intradermally

Mantoux, also called PPD

4

The Mantoux test (PPD) is considered positive if the induration ( raised skin) is greater than _____ mm

10

5

What are the appropriate isolation precaution?

Airborn

6

The client's negative pressure room should have ___ fresh air exchanges per hour

6

7

S>T>R>I>P>E> is the mnemonic for TB antibiotics.
What are those mnemonics?

ST- reptomycin
R- ifampin
I- soniazid
P- yrizinamide
E- thambutol

8

What is the most common side effect of TB antibiotics?

Peripheral neuritis

9

What are the other side effects?

Muscle ache,
Gi disturbances
dizziness

10

what colors will Rifampin turn urine, sweat, and tears?

Red or Orange

11

When taking Tb antibiotics, what vitamin will be depleted?

B6

12

teach client to avoid ____ to reduce the risk of hepatotoxicity

Alcohol

13

Clients taking TB antibiotics are at risk for ____ ____ hepatitis

Drug induced

14

How many consecutive sputum cultures need to be negative for tge client to be non-contagious?

3

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