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Flashcards in Blood Pressure Deck (25)
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1

What is blood pressure?

Force of blood flowing through the arteries

2

What is the recommended blood pressure?

120/80

3

What are the top and bottom value?

Systolic and dialstolic

4

Define the terms: Systolic and diastolic pressure

Systolic- Pressure while heart beats
Diastolic- Pressure while heart rests

5

Which value determines if a person has HTN?

Diastolic- if the pressure of the heart is elevated at rest, then HTN is present

6

What are the risk factors for hypertension?

African-American, obesity, anxiety, diabetes, smoking

7

What are the physical signs of hypertension?

Blurry vision, headache, chest pain; but remember that HTN is called the silent killer bc most people don't have any symptoms

8

How can the size of the blood pressure cuff affect blood pressure reading?

too small BP will be higher
too big BP will be lower

9

What are some other factors that alter blood pressure?

position, caffeine, anxiety, activity

10

What is pulse pressure?

The difference between systolic and diastolic numbers

11

What is the mean arterial pressure?

Diastolic(+) 1/3 of pulse pressure; this value should be greater than 60

12

Before you give blood pressure medication, always check ___ ___ and ___ ___

Blood pressure and pulse rate

13

Hold the medication if systolic BP is less than ___ or heart rate is less than___

100,60

14

What classes of medications are used for HTN

Diuretics, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, vasodilators

15

Medications that end in "pril" are ___ ___

Ace inhibitors

16

Ace Inhibitors correct heart failure by ___ after load

Decreasing- they also promote vasodilation by inhibiting the production of angiotensin.

17

____ is an adverse reaction seen with the use of ACE inhibitor

Angioedema

18

Signs of angioedema are?

Swelling of the lips and mouth

19

Clients may also have a persistent, nagging

cough

20

Which is more dangerous in angioedema: cough or swelling of lips and mouth?

Swelling of the lips and mouth may indicate laryngeal angioedema. A compromised airway is the priority

21

Medications that end in "olol" are ___ ___

Beta Blockers

22

Clients who take anti-hypertensive medications should be taught what method to avoid falling?

Sit in chair or at bedside for 30 minutes after taking medication to adjust to a lower circulating blood pressure e

23

What herbal Medication is used to lower BP

Garlic

24

Clients taking anti-hypertensives should avoid hot showers, baths, and weather. True or false

True. These things can cause dizziness

25

What is the best diet for a hypertensive client?

Low-sodium, low-fat DASH diet

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