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Flashcards in Diabetic Teaching Deck (12)
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1

Which type of diabetes is controlled mostly by diet and exercise?

Type II diabetes mellitus

2

Which type of diabetes is controlled mostly by insulin?

Type I diabetes mellitus

3

What should you teach diabetics about foot care?

Have MD cut toenails; cut toenails straight across. Inspect feet daily for sores. Keep skin clean and dry.

4

If a diabetic vomits after taking PO insulin, what should they do?

Monitor blood sugar and do not repeat dose. The medication may have been absorbed

5

How often should a diabetic get an eye exam?

Yearly; diabetes can cause retinopathy.

6

What is insulin lipodystrophy?

It is the result of not rotating SQ insulin injection sites. If the client injects in the same place repeatedly, a fatty mass will appear, decreasing insulin absorption in that area. Teach injection site rotation

7

Do you need to aspirate if injecting insulin SQ?

No

8

Exubera is a _____ insulin.

Inhaled

9

Exercising _____ blood glucose.

Lowers

10

Alcohol, oral contraceptives, aspirin, and MAOI ______ blood glucose

Lower

11

Infection, dehydration, stress, and surgery _____ blood glucose

Increase

12

What do you give when your client is hypoglycemic and UNCONSCIOUS?

Glucagon (IV or IM)

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