Flashcards in Diabetic Teaching Deck (12)
Which type of diabetes is controlled mostly by diet and exercise?
Type II diabetes mellitus
Which type of diabetes is controlled mostly by insulin?
Type I diabetes mellitus
What should you teach diabetics about foot care?
Have MD cut toenails; cut toenails straight across. Inspect feet daily for sores. Keep skin clean and dry.
If a diabetic vomits after taking PO insulin, what should they do?
Monitor blood sugar and do not repeat dose. The medication may have been absorbed
How often should a diabetic get an eye exam?
Yearly; diabetes can cause retinopathy.
What is insulin lipodystrophy?
It is the result of not rotating SQ insulin injection sites. If the client injects in the same place repeatedly, a fatty mass will appear, decreasing insulin absorption in that area. Teach injection site rotation
Do you need to aspirate if injecting insulin SQ?
Exubera is a _____ insulin.
Exercising _____ blood glucose.
Alcohol, oral contraceptives, aspirin, and MAOI ______ blood glucose
Infection, dehydration, stress, and surgery _____ blood glucose