Myocardial Infarction (MI) Flashcards Preview

NClex > Myocardial Infarction (MI) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Myocardial Infarction (MI) Deck (14)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the cause of an MI?

Decreased oxygen supply to the heart

2

Where is the pain felt?

Substernal (sudden, crushing, radiating to jaw, shoulders, and back) and lasting longer than 30 minutes

3

MI pain is not relieved by___ or _____

Rest or Nitroglycerin

4

What changes would you see on an EKG?

ST elevation, inverted T waves

5

What lab values will be elevated?

CK-MB, CPK, Troponin, LDH, WBC

6

WHat medication are given for am MI?

M.O.N.A
Morphine O2 Nitroglycerin Asprin

7

What activity is prescribed for this client?

Bed rest

8

WHat is angina pectoris?

Chest pain due to the heart not receving enough oxygen

9

Where is the pain located?

The same area of the chest as seen in myacardial infarctions

10

What are some common causes of angina?

Early moring activity (shoveling snow), heavy meals, stress, exercise, and smoking

11

How stable angina different from an MI?

Chest pain that has a typical onset location, lasts for three to five minutes and is relieved by nitroglycerin/ rest

12

What is unstable angina?

it is chest pain that occurs while the client is resting

13

How is angina diagnosed?

Cardiac cath, cotonary artery bypass, exercise/thallium stress test, EKG with no ST elevation

14

What should you teach a client who has angina?

How to take nitro for pain ( can take up to three tabs SL)
Diet modification (low cholesterol)
Exercise
Stop Smoking

Decks in NClex Class (104):