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Flashcards in Cardio Deck (35):
1

Truncus arteriosus

Ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk

2

Bulbus cordis

smooth parts (outflow tract) of left and right ventricles

3

Primitive atria

Trabeculated part of left and right atria

4

Primitive ventricle

Trabeculated part of left and right ventricles

5

Primitive pulmonary vein

Smooth part of left atrium

6

Left horn of sinus venosus

Coronary sinus

7

Right horn of sinus venosus

smooth part of right atrium

8

Right common cardinal vein and right anterior cardinal vein

SVC

9

Umbilical vein

Ligamentum teres hepatis

10

Umbilical arteries

MediaL umbilical ligaments

11

Ductus arteriosus

Ligamentum arteriosum

12

Ductus venosus

Ligamentum venosum

13

Foramen ovale

Fossa ovalis

14

Notochord

Nucleus pulposus of intervertebral disc

15

Allantois

Urachus (mediaN umbilical ligament)

16

What does actue marginal artery (of RCA) serve?

Right ventricle

17

What does posterior descending artery serve?

-Posterior 1/3 of IV septum
-Posterior walls of ventricle

18

What does the left anterior descending artery serve?

-Anterior 2/3 of IV septum
-Anteiror papillary muscle
-Anterior surface of LV

19

What does the LCX serve?

Lateral and posterior walls of the left ventricle

20

What does the RCA supply?

SA and AV nodes

21

What does it mean to have a right- or left-dominant circulation?

Right dominant (85%)= PDA arises from RCA
Left dominant (8%)= PDA arises from LCX

22

List the R-to-L shunts.

-Truncus arteriosus
-Transposition of great arteries
-Tricuspid atresia
-Tetralogy of Fallot
-Total anomalous pulmonary venous return

23

Cardiac defects of DiGeorge

-Truncus arteriosus
-Tetralogy of Fallot

24

Cardiac defects of Down Syndrome

-ASD
-VSD
-Endocardial cushion defet (ostium primum)

25

Cardiac defects of congenital rubella

-Septal defects
-PDA
-Pulmonary artery stenosis

26

Cardiac defects of Turners

-Bicuspid aortic valve
-Coarctation of aorta (preductal)

27

Cardiac defects of Marfan

-MVP
-THoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection
-Aortic regurg

28

Cardiac defects of infants born to diabetic mothers

-Transposition of great vessels

29

Mnemonic for Bacterial Endocarditis

FROM JANE
-Fever
-Roth spots
-Osler Nodes
-Murmur
-Janeway lesions
-Anemia
-Nail splinter hemorrhages
-Emboli

30

Mnemonic for Rheumatic Fever

FEVERSS
-Fever
-Erythema marginatum
-Valvular damage (vegetation and fibrosis)
-ESR increased
-Red hot joints (migratory polyarthritis)
-Subcutaneous nodules
-Sydenham chorea

31

1st aortic arch derivative

Pat of MAXillary artery (branch of external carotid)

32

2nd aortic arch derivative

Stapedial artery and hyoid artery

33

3rd aortic arch derivative

Common Carotid artery
Proximal part of ICA

34

4th aortic arch derivative

Left: aortic arch
Right: proximal part of right subclavian artery

35

6th aortic arch derivative

Proximal part of pulmonary arteries and ductus arteriosus (on left)