Substance Use/Abuse Flashcards Preview

1st Aid Memorize > Substance Use/Abuse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Substance Use/Abuse Deck (30):
1

Treatment for DTs in alcohol withdrawal

benzodiazepines

2

Alcoholic lab values

GGT sensitive
AST 2X > ALT

3

Intoxication: Ataxia, minor respiratory depression

Benzos

4

Intoxication: euphoria, respiratory and CNS depression, decreased gag reflex, pinpoint pupils

Opioids (ex. heroin)

5

Intoxication: emotional lability, slurred speech, ataxia, coma, blackouts

Alcohol

6

Intoxication: marked respiratory depression

Barbiturates

7

Intoxication: euphoria, grandiosity, pupillary dilation, prolonged wakefulness and attention, hypertension, tachycardia, anorexia, paranoia, fever

Amphetamines

8

Intoxication: impaired judgement, pupil dilation, hallucinations, paranoid ideations, angina, sudden cardiac death

Cocaine

9

Intoxication: restlessness, increased diuresis, muscle twitching

caffeine

10

Intoxication: restlessness

Nicotine

11

Intoxication: belligerence, impulsiveness, psychomotor agitation, analgesia, vertical and horizontal nystagmus, tachycardia, homicidality, psychosis, delirium, seizures

PCP

12

Intoxication: perceptual distortion, depersonalization, anxiety, paranoia, psychosis, possible flashbacks

LSD

13

Intoxication: euphoria, anxiety, paranoid delusions, perception of slowed time, impaired judgement, social withdrawal, increased appetite, dry mouth, conjunctival injection, hallucinations

Marijuana

14

Withdrawal: autonomic hyperactivity with tachycardia, tremors, anxiety, seizures (2-5 days), psychotic symptoms, confusion

Alcohol

15

Withdrawal: sweating, dilated pupils, fever, piloerection, rhinorrhea, yawning, nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea

Opioids

16

Withdrawal: delirium, life-threatening CV collapse

barbiturates

17

Withdrawal: sleep disturbance, depression, rebound anxiety, seizure

Benzos

18

Withdrawal: anhedonia, increased appetite, hypersomnolence, extistential crisis

Amphetamines

19

Withdrawal: hypersomnolence, malaise, severe psychological craving, depression/suicidality

cocaine

20

Withdrawal: lack of concentration, HA

caffeine

21

Withdrawal: irritability, anxiety, craving

nicotine

22

Withdrawal: depression, anxiety, irritability, restlessness, anergia, disturbances of thought and sleep

PCP

23

Withdrawal: irritability, depression, insomnia, nausea, anorexia

Marijuana

24

Tx of opioid intoxication

Naloxone
Naltrexone

25

Tx of opioid withdrawal

Methadone
Buprenorphine

26

Tx of benzo intoxication

flumazenil (DO NOT GIVE TO WITHDRAWING PATIENT)

27

Tx of cocaine intoxication

benzos

28

Tx of nicotine withdrawal

Patch, gum, lozenge
Bupropion/Varenicline

29

Tx of PCP intoxication

Benzos
Antipsychotic

30

Tx of alcoholism

disulfiram
Naltrexone