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1st Aid Memorize > Pharmacology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (104):
1

Antidote for Acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine (replenish glutathione)

2

Antidote for AchE inhibitors (organophosphates)

Atropine (followed by pralidoxime)

3

Antidote for Amphetamines

NH4Cl (acidify urine)

4

Antidote for Antimuscarinic agents

Physostigmine salicylate
Control hyperthermia

5

Antidote for benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

6

Antidote for beta-blockers

Glucagon

7

Antidote for CO

100% O2 (or hyperbaric O2)

8

Antidote for copper, arsenic, gold

penicillamine

9

Antidote for cyanide

nitrite + thiosulfate
hydroxocobalamin

10

Antidote for digitalis

anti-dig Fab fragments

11

Antidote for heparin

Protamine sulfate

12

Antidote for iron

deferoxamine
deferasirox

13

Antidote for lead

EDTA
dimercaprol
succimer
penicillamine

14

Antidote for mercury, arsenic, gold

dimercaprol (BAL), succimer

15

Antidote for methanol or ethylene glycol

Fomepizole > ethanol; dialysis

16

Antidote for methemoglobin

Methylene blue
Vitamin C

17

Antidote for opioids

Naloxone

18

Antidote for salicylates

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine)
Dialysis

19

Antidote for TCAs

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalinnization)

20

Antidote for tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

aminocaproic acid

21

Antidote for warfarin

Vitamin K
FFP (if bleeding)

22

Drugs that cause coronary vasospasm

Cocaine
Sumatriptan
Ergots

23

Drugs that cause cutaneous flushing

Vancomycin
Adenosine
Niacin
CCBs

24

Drugs that cause dilated cardiomyopathy

Doxorubicin
Daunorubicin

25

Drugs that cause torsades de pointes

Class III (sotalol) and Class IA (quinidine) antiarrhythmics, macrolides, antipsychotics, and TCAs

26

Drugs that cause adrenocortical insufficiency

HPA suppression secondary to glucocorticoid withdrawal

27

Drugs that cause hot flashes

tamoxifen
clomiphene

28

Drugs that cause hyperglycemia

Tacrolimus
Protease inhibitors
Niacin
HCTZ
Beta-blockers
Corticosteroid
(Taking Pills Necessitiates Having Blood Checked)

29

Drugs that cause hyopthyroidism

LIthium
Amiodarone
Sulfonamides

30

Drugs that cause acute cholestatic hepatitis (jaundice)

erythromycin

31

Drugs that cause diarrhea

Metformin
Erythromycin
Colchicine
Orlistat
Acarbose
(Might Excite Colon On ACcident)

32

Drugs that cause focal to massive hepatic necrosis

Halothane
Amanita phalloides (death cap mushroom)
Valproic acid
Acetaminophen
(Liver "HAVAc")

33

Drugs that cause heptitis

INH

34

Drugs that cause pancreatitis

Didanosine
Corticosteroids
Alcohol
Valproic acid
Azathioprine
DIuretics (furosemide, HCTZ)
(Drugs Causing A Violent Abdominal Distress)

35

Drugs that cause Pseudomembranous Colitis

Clindamycin
Ampicillin
Cephalosporins
(all predispose to superinfeciton by C. diff)

36

Drugs that cause agranolocytosis

Dapsone
Clozapine
Carbamazepine
Colchicine
Methimaxole
PTU
(Drugs CCCrush Myeloblasts & Promyelocytes)

37

Drugs that cause aplastic anemia

Carbamazepine
Methimaxole
NSAIDs
Benzene
Chloramphenicol
PTU
(Can't Make New Blood Cells Properly)

38

Drugs that cause hemolytic anemia (direct coombs positive)

Methyldopa
Penicillin

39

Drugs that cause gray baby syndrome

Chloramphenicol

40

Drugs that cause hemolysis in G6PD deficiency

INH
SUlfonamides
Dapsone
Primaquine
Aspirin
Ibuprofen
Nitrofurantoin
(Hemolysis IS D PAIN)

41

Drugs that cause megaloblastic anemia

Phenytoin
Methotrexate
Sulfas
(Have a blast with PMS)

42

Drugs that cause thrombocytopenia

Heparin
Cimetidine

43

Drugs that cause thrombotic compications

OCPs (estrogens)

44

Drugs that cause fat redistribution

Proetase inhibitors
Glucocorticoids
(fat PiG)

45

Drugs that cause gingival hyperplasia

Phenytoin
Verapamil
Cyclosporine
Nifedipine

46

Drugs that cause Hyperuricemia (gout)

Pyrazinamide
Thiazides
Furosemide
Niacin
Cyclosporine
(Painful Tophi & Feet Need Care)

47

Drugs that cause myopathy

Fibrates
Niacin
Colchicine
Hydoxychloroquine
INF-alpha
Penicillamine
Statins
Glucocorticoids

48

Drugs that cause osteoporosis

Corticosteroids
Heparin

49

Drugs that cause photosensitivity

Sulfonamides
Amiodarone
Tetracyclines
5-FU
(SAT For Photo)

50

Drugs that cause SJS (rash)

Anti-epileptic drugs (ex. lamotrigine)
Allopurinol
Sulfa drugs
Penicillin

51

Drugs that cause teeth discoloration

tetracyclines

52

Drugs that cause Tendonitis, tendon rupture and cartilage damage

fluoroquinolones

53

Drugs that cause SLE-like syndrome

Sulfa durgs
Hydralazine
INH
Procainamide
Phenytoin
Etanercept

54

Drugs that cause cinchonism (flushed, sweaty, tinnitus, hearing loss, glurred vision)

quinidine
quinine

55

Drugs that cause Parkinson-like syndrome

Antipsychotics
Reserpine
Metoclopramide

56

Drugs that cause seizures

INH (vit B6 deficiency)
Bupropion
Imipenem/cilastatin
Tramadol
Enflurane
Metoclopramide

57

Drugs that cause tardive dyskinesia

Antipsychotics
Metoclopramide

58

Drugs that cause diabetes insipidus

lithium
demeclocycline

59

Drugs that cause Fanconi syndrome

Expired tetracycline

60

Drugs that cause hemorrhage cystitis

Cyclophosphamide
Ifosfamide
(give with mesna to prevent)

61

Drugs that cause intestinal nephritis

Methicillin
NSAIDs
Furosemide

62

Drugs that cause SIADH

Carbamazepine
Cyclophosphamide
SSRIs

63

Drugs that cause dry cough

ACE inhibitors

64

Drugs that cause pulmonary fibrosis

Bleomycin
Amiodarone
Busulfan
Methotrexate
(Breathing Air Badly from Medications)

65

Drugs that cause disulfiram-like reaction

Metronidazole
Certain cephalosporins
Griseofulvin
Procarbazine
1st generation sulfonylureas

66

Drugs that cause nephrotoxicity/ototoxicity

Aminoglycosides
Vancomycin
Loops
Cisplatin

67

Sulfa drugs

Probenecid
Furosemide
Acetazolamide
Celecoxib
Thiazides
Sulfonamide antibiotics
Sulfasalazine
Sulfonylureas

68

-azole

ergosterol synthesis inhibitor

69

-bendazole

antiparasitic/antihelmintic

70

-cillin

peptidoglycan synthesis inhibitor

71

-cycline

protein synthesis inhibitor

72

-ivir

neuraminidase inhibitor

73

-navir

Protease inhibitor

74

-ovir

DNA polymerase inhibitor

75

-thromycin

Macrolide

76

-ane

inhalational general anesthetic

77

-azine

typical antipsychotic

78

-barbital

barbiturate (duratuation)

79

-caine

local anesthetic

80

-etine

SSRI

81

-ipramine

TCA

82

-triptan

5-HT 1B/1D agonist

83

-tryptyline

TCA

84

-zepam

Benzo (frequency)

85

-zolam

Benzo (frequency)

86

-chol

cholinergic agonist

87

-curium or -curonium

non-depolarizing paralytic

88

-olol

beta blocker

89

-stigmine

AchE inhibitor

90

-terol

beta2 agonsit

91

-zosin

alpha1-antagonist

92

-afil

PDE-5 inhibitor

93

-dipine

Dihydropyridine CCB

94

-pril

ACE inhibitor

95

-sartan

Antiotensin-II receptor blocker

96

-statin

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor

97

-dronate

bisphosphonate

98

-glitazone

PPAR-gamma activator

99

-prazole

PPI

100

-prost

Prostaglandin analog

101

-tidine

H2-antagonist

102

-tropin

Pituitary hormone

103

-ximab

Chimeric mAb

104

-zumab

humanized mAb