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Flashcards in Central italy Deck (26):
0

What are the regions of Central Italy?

Tuscany
Marches
Umbria
Latium
Abruzzi

1

Tuscany facts...

Tuscany counts itself among the leading viticultural research regions in the world.
Long history of viticulture
Moderate climate
Tradition, influence, innovation, research.
Super-Tuscans
Coastal appellations: Maremma, Morellino di Scansano, Bolgheri, Sant' Antimo

2

Tuscany primary white grape varieties:

Vernaccia
Trebbiano
Malvasia

3

Tuscany primary red grape varieties:

Sangiovese & clones: Prugnolo Gentile, Brunello & Morellino.
Canaiolo
Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Syrah

4

Tuscany's climate...

Mediterranean inland with maritime (wind) influence coastal

5

Tuscany's soils:

Varied
Sand, Limestone, clay, volcanic, marl, schist

6

Tuscany's important DOCG's

Chianti
Chianti Classico
Carmignano
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano
Brunello di Montalcino
Morellino di Scansano
Vernaccia di San Gimignano
Elba Aleatico Passito

7

Tuscany's important DOC's

Pomino DOC
Maremma DOC
Bolgheri DOC
Sant' Antimo DOC

8

Chianti Classico generalities...

DOC in 1966, elevated to DOCG in 1984
Grapes: 75% Sangiovese, others including Canaiolo, Trebbiano and Malvasia
Addition of white grapes no longer mandatory
Up to 20% Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and/or Syrah permitted
Move to lower yields and use of better clones of Sangiovese
Less restrictions for Chianti DOCG

9

Chianti Sub-Zones (all DOCG)...

Classico
Rufina
Colli Fiorentini (Florence)
Colli Senesi (Siena)
Colline Pisane (Pisa)
Colli Aretini (Arezzo)
Montalbano
Montespertoli

10

Brunello di Montalcino facts...

Wines from 100% Brunello clone of Sangiovese
Geography: small area: 3,000 acres, variety of soil types with vineyards planted between 500 and 1,800 feet

Brunello di Montalcino:
4 years with minimum 2 years in oak

Brunello di Montalcino Riserva:
5 years with minimum 2.5 years in oak

Rosso di Montalcino:
Young wines & declassified wines

11

Other Tuscan red wines:

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano DOCG: 80% to 100% Prugnolo Gentile (Sangiovese)

Bolgheri DOC: one of the original IGT's later elevated to DOC

Maremma DOC: upcoming area-coastal appellation with Bordeaux varieties

Carmignano DOCG: Sangiovese-based red with up to 10% Cabernet Sauvignon

12

Tuscany's White and Dessert wines:

Vernaccia di San Gimignano DOCG:
Dry white from Vernaccia grape
Up to 10% Chardonnay and Trebbiano


Vin Santo DOC:
Dessert wine from Passito grapes fermented slowly in small wooden barrels
Matured minimum 3 years and up to 6 years

13

Highly regarded vintages:

Brunello di Montalcino: 1999, 2004, 2007
Chianti Classico: 2001, 2007
Coastal: 2001, 2004, 2007

14

The capital of Lazio is...

Rome

15

Lazio's primary white grape varieties:

Trebbiano
Malvasia
Grechetto

16

Lazio's primary red grape varieties:

Sangiovese
Montepulciano

17

Lazio's DOCG's and DOC's...

DOCG's:
Cesanese del Piglio Rosso/Reserva DOCG
New DOCG Frascati Superiore (Blend of Trebbiano and Malvasia)

DOC's:
Est! Est! Est! di Montefiascone

18

Umbria's primary white grape varieties:

Trebbiano (called Procanico)
Malvasia Toscana
Grechetto

19

Umbria's primary red grape varieties:

Sangiovese
Sagrantino
Canaiolo

20

Umbria's important appellations:

Torgiano Riserva DOCG
Sagrantino di Montefalco DOCG

Torgiano DOC
Orvieto DOC

21

Where is Marches located at?

Adriatic Sea Coast

22

Marches' primary grape varieties:

White:
Verdicchio
Trebbiano
Malvasia

Red:
Sangiovese
Montepulciano

23

Marches' important appellations are...

Verdicchio del Castelli di Jesi DOCG
Verdicchio di Matelica DOCG
Vernaccia di Serrapetrona DOCG
Conero DOCG
Offida DOCG (new)


Rosso Conero DOC

24

Abruzzi primary grape varieties:

White:
Trebbiano
Malvasia
Montepulciano

Red:
Sangiovese

25

Tell me some important Abruzzi appellations...

Colline Teramane DOCG
Montepulciano d'Abruzzo
Trebbiano d'Abruzzo