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Flashcards in Spain Deck (15):
0

Spain background:

Third larger producer
Most planted vine acreage of any country in the world
Traditional wine styles from indigenous grapes, quality levels based on oak aging

1

Spain primary white grape varieties:

Albariño
Airen
Viura (Macabeo)
Verdejo
Chardonnay

2

Spain red grape varieties:

Tempranillo (Tinto Fino)
Carinena
Garnacha
Cabernet Sauvignon
Mencia
Monastrell

3

Spain cava varieties:

Xarel-lo
Macabeo
Parellada
Chardonnay

4

Spain climate:

Dramatic ranges from maritime to continental to Mediterranean

Altitude of plateau and rainshadow effect play important roles

5

Spain soils:

Ranges include chalk, sand, quartzite, slate, clay

6

Spanish wine classifications:

Table wines
Quality wines

7

Table wines classifications:

Vino de mesa (VdM): made from unclassified vineyards or wine blended from different classified regions. No vintage allowed

Vino de la Tierra (VdlT): table wine of demarcated area with minimum 60% from that region

8

Quality wines classifications:

Vinos de Calidad con Indicacion Geografica (VCIG): the equivalent of the Italian IGT or French VDQS

Denominacion de Origen (DO): equivalent of French AOC. Each district has its own Consejo Regulador to monitor quality

Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCa, DOC, DOQ): 1988. Rioja and Priorat (Ribera del duero may be pending for years)

9

Aging terms:

Joven
Crianza
Reserva
Gran Reserva

10

New aging terms non-DO wines:

For aging in barrel or bottle:
Noble: 18 months
Añejo: 24 months
Viejo: 36 months, wines must show oxidative character

11

Define vino joven:

No aging requirements (Roble)

12

Define Vino de Crianza:

One year in Barrels, one year further aging

13

Define Vino de Reserva:

One year in barrels, two years further aging

14

Define Vino Gran Reserva:

Two years in Barrels, three years further aging