Overview And Laws Flashcards Preview

Wine Connoisseur > Overview And Laws > Flashcards

Flashcards in Overview And Laws Deck (51):
0

The main producers of wine are:

France
Italy
Spain
Portugal
Germany
Australia
New Zealand
South Africa
USA
Argentina
Chile

1

The appellation system in France is...

AOP (appellation d'origine protégée)
It went from AOC (appellation d'origine contrôlée) to AOP

2

The different types of wine are:

Still
Sparkling
Fortified
Distilled

3

The different kinds of wine are:

Red
White
Blush or rose

4

The region of Champagne belongs to:

France

5

Facts about AVA's

American Viticultural Areas, USA wine laws, every wine must be labeled with a brand name, bottler's name and location
75% min varietal composition (except in OR)
95% from year on bottle (85% if appellation in state or county)
85% min from AVA (except super AVA)
95% min vineyard

6

The main regions of wine production in France are:

Burgundy
Burdeaux
Champagne
Rhone Valley
Languedoc-Roussillon
Loire Valley
Alsace

7

General facts about AOP:

Creates connection between quality and appellation:
Vin de Table goes to Vin de France
Vin de Pays goes to IGP (Indication Geographique Protégée)
VDQS (Vin Delimite de Qualite Superieure) goes to IGP
AOC goes to AOP

AOP can only use Vitis Vinefera grapes to ensure authenticity.
50% of all French wine

8

The deductive tasting method is break down in four criterias:

Sight
Nose
Palate
Conclusion (initial and final)

9

The brightness in sight refers to...

Capacity of a wine to reflect light

10

The brightness scale:

Dull
Hazy
Bright
Day bright
Star bright
Brilliant

11

White and blush wines grow __________ with age

Darker

12

Red wines grow ________ with age

Lighter

13

In red wines what precipitates into sediment with age

Pigments and tannins

14

Secondary colors in sight can be...

Age, climate or variety indicators
Green in young or cool climate white wines
Orange, yellow and brown in older red wines

15

The color scales for white wines are:

Watery, straw, yellow, gold, brown

16

The color scales in pink wines are:

Pink, salmon, brown

17

The color scales for red wines are:

Purple, ruby (red), garnet (reddish brown), orange, brown

18

The intensity in flavor:

Subtle
Moderate
Powerful

19

FEW stands for...

Fruit
Earth
Wood

Refers to the Nose in tasting wine

20

The facts to determine on the final conclusion are:

Grape variety or blend
Country
Region
Appellation
Quality level
Vintage

21

The different climates are:

Macro climate
Meso climate
Micro climate

22

___________ is defined as the practice of grape culture

Viticulture

23

Great wine is ________ in a vineyard rather ________ in a winery

Grown-Produced

24

Soil conditions with meso climate is called:

Terroir

25

The purpose of rootstock is...

Overcome soil pests or diseases or used for special soil conditions

26

During _________ process, sugar is turned into alcohol by the action of yeast, releasing carbon dioxide and heat

Fermentation

27

What is Must

Mixture of crushed, chopped or smashed fruit being prepared for fermentation

28

__________: addition of sugar to the must or grape juice to increase the strength of the alcohol content

Chaptalization or Ameliuration

29

__________: increasing the acidity in a grape must

Acidification

30

___________ in cool regions and ___________ in warm regions

Chaptalization
Acidification

31

____________ is the circulation of fermenting red wine from the bottom to the top to maximize extraction of color and flavor

Remontage or pump over

32

______ or __________ : the layer of grape solids that floats on the Liquid surface during red wine fermentation; it usefully limits the amount of oxygen available to the yeast, encouraging the formation of alcohol

CAP or Chapeau

33

What are the benefits of barrel aging

Allows slow oxidation which encourages maturation

34

_______________ lose their ability to impart flavors in 4 to 5 years

Oak barrels

35

Define malolactic fermentation

Secondary fermentation to convert malic acid into lactic acid with the aid of lactic bacteria

36

Lees stirring is also known as...

Batonnage

37

___________ : introduction of oxygen into the barrel to the bottom preventing the development of any faults in the aroma of the finished wine

Lees stirring or Batonnage

38

Define fining

Wine making process that removes microscopic elements such as protein particles that would cloud the wine and phenolic components like tannins that could cause bitterness and astringency

39

____________ : clarify wine prior to bottling (remove yeast cells and other micro organisms that could spoil the wine)

Filtration

40

__________ : is used as a preservative and disinfectant; it reacts with oxygen to prevent oxidation which has undesirable effects in the color and flavor of wine

Sulphur (SO2)

41

Characteristics of brettanomyces in wines faults

The wine tests mousey and metallic
Ethyphenol: band aids, barnyard
Ethylguaiacol: bacon, spice, smoky
Isovaleric acid: sweaty, cheese, roincidity
Geosmin: earthy, musty, beetrot aromas

42

Define smells in lactic acid bacteria fault...

Bitterness taint, intense buttery flavor, geranium taint, sugar alcohol, ropiness, mouse urine, refermentation

43

How do you detect H2S ( hydrogen sulfide ) fault in wine?

Smells like onion, rubber, rotten egg

44

How do you detect SO2 (sulfur dioxide) in wine?

Perception of matchsticks, burnt rubber, mothballs

45

AOP criteria:

Geographical boundaries
Grape varieties
Yield
Alcohol levels
Viticultural methods
Winemaking techniques
Quality of finished product

Criteria varies with each region

46

When was the AOP established?

2011

47

Two special styles of wine produced using distillate

Vin Doux Naturel
Vin de Liqueur

48

What is the difference between Vin Doux Naturel and Vin de Liqueur?

-Vin Deux Naturel: produced by adding distillate to a fermenting must (typically are fortified at 15-16% alcohol by volume)
-Vin de Liqueur: produced by adding distillate to unfermented must (local brandy)

49

Examples of Vin Doux Naturel...

Muscat de Beaumes de Venice, Banyuls et al

50

Examples of Vin de Liqueur...

Pineau des Charentes, Floc de Gascogne