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Flashcards in Overview And Laws Deck (51)
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0

The main producers of wine are:

France
Italy
Spain
Portugal
Germany
Australia
New Zealand
South Africa
USA
Argentina
Chile

1

The appellation system in France is...

AOP (appellation d'origine protégée)
It went from AOC (appellation d'origine contrôlée) to AOP

2

The different types of wine are:

Still
Sparkling
Fortified
Distilled

3

The different kinds of wine are:

Red
White
Blush or rose

4

The region of Champagne belongs to:

France

5

Facts about AVA's

American Viticultural Areas, USA wine laws, every wine must be labeled with a brand name, bottler's name and location
75% min varietal composition (except in OR)
95% from year on bottle (85% if appellation in state or county)
85% min from AVA (except super AVA)
95% min vineyard

6

The main regions of wine production in France are:

Burgundy
Burdeaux
Champagne
Rhone Valley
Languedoc-Roussillon
Loire Valley
Alsace

7

General facts about AOP:

Creates connection between quality and appellation:
Vin de Table goes to Vin de France
Vin de Pays goes to IGP (Indication Geographique Protégée)
VDQS (Vin Delimite de Qualite Superieure) goes to IGP
AOC goes to AOP

AOP can only use Vitis Vinefera grapes to ensure authenticity.
50% of all French wine

8

The deductive tasting method is break down in four criterias:

Sight
Nose
Palate
Conclusion (initial and final)

9

The brightness in sight refers to...

Capacity of a wine to reflect light

10

The brightness scale:

Dull
Hazy
Bright
Day bright
Star bright
Brilliant

11

White and blush wines grow __________ with age

Darker

12

Red wines grow ________ with age

Lighter

13

In red wines what precipitates into sediment with age

Pigments and tannins

14

Secondary colors in sight can be...

Age, climate or variety indicators
Green in young or cool climate white wines
Orange, yellow and brown in older red wines

15

The color scales for white wines are:

Watery, straw, yellow, gold, brown

16

The color scales in pink wines are:

Pink, salmon, brown

17

The color scales for red wines are:

Purple, ruby (red), garnet (reddish brown), orange, brown

18

The intensity in flavor:

Subtle
Moderate
Powerful

19

FEW stands for...

Fruit
Earth
Wood

Refers to the Nose in tasting wine

20

The facts to determine on the final conclusion are:

Grape variety or blend
Country
Region
Appellation
Quality level
Vintage

21

The different climates are:

Macro climate
Meso climate
Micro climate

22

___________ is defined as the practice of grape culture

Viticulture

23

Great wine is ________ in a vineyard rather ________ in a winery

Grown-Produced

24

Soil conditions with meso climate is called:

Terroir

25

The purpose of rootstock is...

Overcome soil pests or diseases or used for special soil conditions

26

During _________ process, sugar is turned into alcohol by the action of yeast, releasing carbon dioxide and heat

Fermentation

27

What is Must

Mixture of crushed, chopped or smashed fruit being prepared for fermentation

28

__________: addition of sugar to the must or grape juice to increase the strength of the alcohol content

Chaptalization or Ameliuration

29

__________: increasing the acidity in a grape must

Acidification