Flashcards in New Zealand Deck (26):
New Zealand's background:
Unique climate makes it one of the best places to cultivate wine grapes in the world.
The greatest Sauvignon Blancs.
Ambitious growth plan.
Benchmark Sauvignon Blancs
Highest average bottle price for any country
New micro-climates for red wines
T/F. New Zealand is divided in two islands: North and South
Primary white grape varieties in New Zealand are...
Primary red grape varieties in New Zealand are:
North Island white grapes:
North Island red grapes:
How is the climate in New Zealand's North Island? What about the soils and aspect?
Climate: cool (south) to warm (north) maritime, windy from west (must plant east of mountain ranges), high rainfall and humidity.
Aspect: north facing slopes in Auckland have best exposure.
Soils: mostly alluvial
Mountain run-off with sandstone, some limestone, schist, clay and chalk,.
North island regions:
Gisborne (known for Poverty Bay)
Wairarapa (south end of north island)
Hawkes Bay generalities...
Driest region in NZ
2nd in size to Marlborough
Hawkes bay grapes:
Hawkes bay climate and soils:
Climate: moderate continental, sunny, warmest in NZ
Soils: sandy alluvial over gravel (gimblett gravels sub region- carried by Ngaruro River), limestone
Kumeu-Huapai and Waiheke island are two best districts
Waikato inland around shore of lake waikere
Gisborne known for Poverty Bay
Bulk and carafe wines
High yields and large quantities of muller-Thurgau
Auckland's climate, soils and grapes:
Climate: very warm maritime-humid
Soils: heavy clay save for Waiheke island
Grapes: best are Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot
High yields and large quantities of Muller-Thurgau
Bulk wines and carafe wines
South end of north island
Quality Pinot noir
South Island grapes:
South Island red grapes:
South Island climate and soils...
Climate: cool maritime -higher temperatures north, cooler in south- lighter rainfall than north island -central mountain range creates rain shadow effect-
Soils: Volcanic (Canterbury), gravel alluvial with sandstone (Marlborough)
South Island regions:
Most important and fastest growing wine region
Awatere Valley and Wairau Valley sub-regions
Sauvignon Blanc (2/3 of all NZ's)
Big potential sparkling wine
Marlborough soils and climate...
Soil: alluvial gravel
Climate: Dry -sunny climate, protected from Westerly winds by south Alps and Easterlies by southern tip of North Island-
Central Otago grapes:
Pinot noir (superstar black grape of NZ)
Most southerly wine region in the world
Sparking wine and Riesling also have potential
Central Otago soils and climate:
Soils: alluvial, outcroppings of chalk and limestone loams
Climate: continental -cool, high sunshine intensity, dry during growing season, protected north facing slopes have best aspect-
Area with great promise
Most vineyards in plains surrounding Christchurch
Warm summers, cool autumns, lower rainfall
Quality Riesling and Pinot noir