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Flashcards in New Zealand Deck (26):
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New Zealand's background:

Unique climate makes it one of the best places to cultivate wine grapes in the world.
The greatest Sauvignon Blancs.
Ambitious growth plan.
Benchmark Sauvignon Blancs
Highest average bottle price for any country
New micro-climates for red wines

1

T/F. New Zealand is divided in two islands: North and South

True

2

Primary white grape varieties in New Zealand are...

Sauvignon Blanc
Chardonnay
Riesling
Gewürztraminer
Muller-Thurgau

3

Primary red grape varieties in New Zealand are:

Pinot noir
Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Shiraz

4

North Island white grapes:

Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc
Aromatic varieties

5

North Island red grapes:

Pinot noir
Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Cabernet franc

6

How is the climate in New Zealand's North Island? What about the soils and aspect?

Climate: cool (south) to warm (north) maritime, windy from west (must plant east of mountain ranges), high rainfall and humidity.

Aspect: north facing slopes in Auckland have best exposure.

Soils: mostly alluvial
Mountain run-off with sandstone, some limestone, schist, clay and chalk,.

7

North island regions:

Hawkes bay
Auckland
Gisborne (known for Poverty Bay)
Wairarapa (south end of north island)

8

Hawkes Bay generalities...

Driest region in NZ
2nd in size to Marlborough

9

Hawkes bay grapes:

White:
Chardonnay

Red:
Cabernet Sauvignon
Syrah

10

Hawkes bay climate and soils:

Climate: moderate continental, sunny, warmest in NZ

Soils: sandy alluvial over gravel (gimblett gravels sub region- carried by Ngaruro River), limestone

11

Auckland generalities:

Kumeu-Huapai and Waiheke island are two best districts
Waikato inland around shore of lake waikere
Gisborne known for Poverty Bay
Bulk and carafe wines
High yields and large quantities of muller-Thurgau

12

Auckland's climate, soils and grapes:

Climate: very warm maritime-humid
Soils: heavy clay save for Waiheke island
Grapes: best are Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot

13

Gisborne overview:

High yields and large quantities of Muller-Thurgau
Bulk wines and carafe wines

14

Wairarapa overview:

South end of north island
Includes Martinborough
Quality Pinot noir

15

South Island grapes:

White:
Sauvignon Blanc
Chardonnay
Riesling
Pinot Gris

16

South Island red grapes:

Pinot noir
Syrah

17

South Island climate and soils...

Climate: cool maritime -higher temperatures north, cooler in south- lighter rainfall than north island -central mountain range creates rain shadow effect-

Soils: Volcanic (Canterbury), gravel alluvial with sandstone (Marlborough)

18

South Island regions:

Marlborough
Central Otago
Canterbury
Nelson

19

Marlborough overview:

Most important and fastest growing wine region
Awatere Valley and Wairau Valley sub-regions

20

Marlborough's grapes...

White:
Sauvignon Blanc (2/3 of all NZ's)
Red;
Pinot noir

Big potential sparkling wine

21

Marlborough soils and climate...

Soil: alluvial gravel

Climate: Dry -sunny climate, protected from Westerly winds by south Alps and Easterlies by southern tip of North Island-

22

Central Otago grapes:

Pinot noir (superstar black grape of NZ)

Most southerly wine region in the world

Sparking wine and Riesling also have potential

23

Central Otago soils and climate:

Soils: alluvial, outcroppings of chalk and limestone loams

Climate: continental -cool, high sunshine intensity, dry during growing season, protected north facing slopes have best aspect-

24

Canterbury's generalities...

Area with great promise
Most vineyards in plains surrounding Christchurch
Warm summers, cool autumns, lower rainfall
Quality Riesling and Pinot noir

25

Nelson generalities...

2nd fastest growing region to Marlborough
Stony, well-drained soils
Quality Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Riesling and Pinot noir