Flashcards in Northern italy Deck (44):
Piedmont, Veneto, Emilia-Romagna and Trentino-Alto Adige represent an incredible array of grape varieties, wine styles and geography.
One of Italy's two greatest wine regions
High number of DOCG wines
Barolo and Barbaresco from Nebbiolo are the most important wines
Barbera most widely planted grape
Region of small producers-has been compared to Burgundy in quantity of wine produced
Small vineyards (crus) important
"Piedmont" is Italian for "foot of the mountains"
Piedmont's primary white grapes:
Piedmont's primary red grape varieties:
What are the most important wines in Piedmont?
Barolo and Barbaresco
What is the grape used for Barolo and Barbaresco?
Piedmont's climate and soils...
Continental with rain-shadow effect from Alps Mountains but fog at late harvest time
Various, with outcroppings of calcareous marl and sandstone
Important Piedmont's DOCG:
Dolcetto di Dogliani Superiore
Dolcetto Diano d'Alba
Barbera del Monferrato Superiore
Roero (Arneis & Nebbiolo)
Other important DOC wines...
Nebbiolo d'Alba DOC
Barbera d'Alba DOC
Dolcetto d'Alba DOC
Langhe Dolcetto DOC
Nebbiolo is a late-ripening grape requiring a long and precipitation-free season
Normale vs Riserva
What percentage of Nebbiolo is used in Barolo?
35-40% annual production of Barolo
Single vineyards important
Lighter soils with generally more elegant wines and limited ageability
2001, 2004 considered excellent "classic" years
One of the northern Italy's most important regions
Milan is the Capital
Over 25 million cases produced annually
Over 20% is DOC quality
Lombardy primary white grape varieties:
Lombardy primary Red grape varieties:
Important Lombardy DOCG's...
Valtelina Superiore DOCG (Nebbiolo based red wines)
Franciacorta DOCG (Quality Metodo Classico sparkling wines)
Sforzato di Valetellina
Oltrepo Pavese Classico
What are the Northern Italy regions?
Trentino-Alto Adige facts...
Northern most region in Italy with steep alpine valleys
55% of all wine produced is DOC due to large geography covered by limited number of DOC
Trentino-Alto Adige key regions:
Trentino-Alto Adige primary white grape varieties:
Trentino-Alto Adige primary Red grape varieties:
4th largest production region
From Lake Garda in the west to the Adriatic
Principal cities are Venice and Verona
Diverse range of styles and grapes
What are the two most important cities of Veneto?
Venice and Verona
Veneto primary white grape varieties are...
What are Veneto's primary red grape varieties?
Veneto's important DOCG's...
Amarone della Valpolicella/Recioto della Valpolicella
Recioto di Gambellara
Prosecco di: Conegliano, Valdobbiadene, Colli Asolani
Soave: Superiore, Superiore Classico, Recioto di Soave
Veneto's important DOC's
Valpolicella's principal grape varieties:
Corvina Veronese with lesser amounts of Rondinella, Molinara and Negrara
Range from continental in foothills to hot maritime toward coast
Volcanic and Calcareus
Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG
Recioto della Valpolicella DOCG
Valpolicella Ripasso DOC
What Ripasso means?
Traditional winemaking technique in the Veneto.
Young Valpolicella put into tanks or barrels containing lees or dried fruit from previous Amarone fermentation.
Causes secondary fermentation, increasing alcohol content an giving Amarone character to the wine.
Amarone della Valpolicella DOCG:
Corvina, Rondinella and Molinara
Produced from ripe bunches of dehydrated grapes
Fruit dries and develops unique flavor characteristics
Wine fermented dry or off-dry
Intensely flavored at 14-16% alcohol
How is the Appassimento process?
Grapes harvested and dried for several weeks in special rooms
Used to produce passito, Recioto and Amarone wines
Modern technology: use of ventilators and de-humidifiers makes process more reliable
Recioto wines: sweet wines made from passito grapes in Veneto
Prosecco and Soave generalities...
Sparkling wine made from the Glera (Prosecco) grape
Superiore DOCG: Conegliano, Valdobiaddene, Colli Asolani
Dry white made from Garganega with some Trebbiano
DOCG versions: Superiore, Superiore Classico, Recioto
Friuli-Venezia Giulia facts...
Northeast corner of Italy adjacent to Austria and Slovenia
Over 30% of total production is DOC
Known for high quality varietal wines
Area known for whites but Merlot most widely plant variety
What is the most widely planted variety in Friuli-Venezia Giulia?
Merlot, despite that the area is known for white wines
Friuli-Venezia Giulia primary white grape varieties:
Friuli-Venezia Giulia primary red grape varieties:
Friuli-Venezia Giulia key regions:
Grave del Friuli
Friuli-Venezia Giulia important DOCG's...
Picolit & Picolit-Gialla
Rosazzo (new in 2011)
Emilia Romagna background:
The food center of Italy
Divided by seven rivers