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Flashcards in Madeira Deck (15):
0

Madeira grapes:

Sercial
Verdelho
Bual
Malmsey (Malvasia Candida)
Terrantez
Bastardo
Tinta Negra Mole (85%)
Moscatel

1

Madeira climate:

Subtropical
Warm temperatures offset by winds/proximity to ocean and humidity

2

Madeira soils:

Volcanic, highly fertile
Mountainous terrain

3

Madeira vinification styles:

Sercial/Verdelho:
Dry Madeiras served chilled as aperitifs.
Alcohol is added after fermentation has been completed.

Bual/Malmsey:
Medium sweet and sweet Madeiras served with dessert or cheese course.
Fermentation is stopped by addition of spirit.

4

Madeira wine making method:

Estufagem
Estufa do Sol
Estufa

5

Estufagem:

The heating process causes maderizarion of the wine, caramelizing the sugars and promoting complete oxidation.
The process is assisted by high alcohol & acidity levels in the wine.

6

Estufa do Sol:

The finest wines are cask aged in lodges exposed to the sun.
Aging for many years.
Generally fresher acids kept with slow aging.

7

Estufa:

A vat or tank heated by hot water to approximately 120 F for 6-12 months.
Sugars are more caramelized in speedy heating than Estufa do Sol.
Acids are reduced more.
6 months in Estufa equals 5 years in Estufa do Sol

8

Styles of Madeira:

Most Madeiras are blended wines.
The age indication on the label represents the youngest component in the blend.
Because of the aging process (Maderization) the wines are exceptionally long lived.

9

Varietal Madeira Styles:

Sercial/Verdelho:
Dry Madeiras served chilled as aperitifs.
Alcohol is added after fermentation has been competed.

Bual/Malmsey:
Medium sweet and sweet Madeiras served with dessert or cheese course.
Fermentation is stopped by addition of spirit.

10

Other styles of Madeira:

The age indication on the label represents the youngest component in the blend.

Must be 85% varietal
Three year old
Five year old Reserve
10 year old special reserve
15 year old extra reserve

11

Vintage Madeiras:

Must be made from 100% of the varietal stated.
Must be aged for a minimum of 20 years in wood and two years in bottle before release.

12

Vintage Madeiras: must be aged for a minimum of _____ years in wood and ____ years in bottle before release.

20 years in wood
2 years in bottle

13

Rainwater Madeira:

Soft Verdelho style wine created in the 18th century

14

Colheita Madeira:

Minimum 5 years aging from a single vintage