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Flashcards in Sherry Deck (24):
0

Where is sherry produced?

Jerez

1

What are the grape varieties for sherry production?

Palomino: accounts for 95% of all platings and is used for majority of all quality sherries in several styles.

Pedro Ximenez and Moscatel: for sweetening blended wines, adding color and varietal sweet wines

2

Sherry soil types:

Albariza: chalk- coastal areas, best for palomino/fino wines

Barros: clay- best for PX (Pedro Ximenez) and Moscatel

Arenas: sand- table wines, sweet grapes and wines used for curing barrels

3

How is the vinification process in sherry production?

Harvest in early September
Palomino grapes pressed immediately
PX grapes sun dried (Soleo) for use in sweetening agents

4

What do they use to fortify sherry?

Neutral grape spirit

Finos fortified to 15.5%
Olorosos fortified to 18%

5

Finos are fortified to ____% and olorosos to ____%

Finos 15.5%
Olorosos 18%

6

What is Flor?

Saccharomyces

Grows on the surface of casks with between 14.5-15.5% alcohol

Lives off nutrients and volatile acidity in the wine and helps retain color

Requires specific temperature and moisture conditions to grow

Grows in spring and fall and year round in coastal areas

7

What is Solera System?

A method of fractional blending: old wine is periodically refreshed with younger wine to ensure consistency

8

Solera system: method of fractional blending. _____ wine is periodically refreshed with _____ wine to ensure consistency.

Old wine is periodically refreshed with younger wine to ensure consistency.

9

How is sherry aged under biological conditions?

Biologically aged Sherries are aged under Flor

10

Define Fino Sherry...

Fino: the lightest most delicate style of sherry, fortified to 15.5%

11

Define Manzanilla Sherry...

A delicate style of Fino aged only in the coastal town of Sanlucar de Barrameda

12

Define Amontillado Sherry...

A Fino that has been left in cask for additional aging and develops a rich, nutty character.

Usually dry in style, minimum 3 years in Solera System and 3 years in cask.

13

What is the lightest delicate style of Sherry?

Fino.
Fortified to 15.5%

14

What is the delicate style of Fino aged only in the coastal town of Sanlucar de Barrameda?

Manzanilla

15

Manzanilla is only aged in the coastal town of _______ __ ________

Sanlucar de Barrameda

16

Amontillado spend minimum ___ years in Solera and ___ years in cask

3 years in Solera and 3 years in cask

17

Define Palo Cortado...

A dry style that has characteristics of both Fino/Amontillado and Oloroso

Palo Cortados develop limited Flor

18

Is there a development of Flor in Oxidative Sherries?

No flor development
Includes Oloroso and Cream Style sherries

19

Define Oloroso sherries:

Oloroso: Rich style fortified to 18% and usually aged very long periods. Olorosos start dry but almost all are sweetened and often sold as Cream Sherries.

20

What is VOS?

Very Old Sherry: aged 20 years (average minimum age)

21

Define VORS...

Very Old Rare Sherry: aged 30 years (average minimum age)

22

What is Añada?

Vintage dated sherries

23

What is Almacenistas?

A single Solera Sherry bottled unblended and produced in small quantities.