Flashcards in Sherry Deck (24)
Where is sherry produced?
What are the grape varieties for sherry production?
Palomino: accounts for 95% of all platings and is used for majority of all quality sherries in several styles.
Pedro Ximenez and Moscatel: for sweetening blended wines, adding color and varietal sweet wines
Sherry soil types:
Albariza: chalk- coastal areas, best for palomino/fino wines
Barros: clay- best for PX (Pedro Ximenez) and Moscatel
Arenas: sand- table wines, sweet grapes and wines used for curing barrels
How is the vinification process in sherry production?
Harvest in early September
Palomino grapes pressed immediately
PX grapes sun dried (Soleo) for use in sweetening agents
What do they use to fortify sherry?
Neutral grape spirit
Finos fortified to 15.5%
Olorosos fortified to 18%
Finos are fortified to ____% and olorosos to ____%
What is Flor?
Grows on the surface of casks with between 14.5-15.5% alcohol
Lives off nutrients and volatile acidity in the wine and helps retain color
Requires specific temperature and moisture conditions to grow
Grows in spring and fall and year round in coastal areas
What is Solera System?
A method of fractional blending: old wine is periodically refreshed with younger wine to ensure consistency
Solera system: method of fractional blending. _____ wine is periodically refreshed with _____ wine to ensure consistency.
Old wine is periodically refreshed with younger wine to ensure consistency.
How is sherry aged under biological conditions?
Biologically aged Sherries are aged under Flor
Define Fino Sherry...
Fino: the lightest most delicate style of sherry, fortified to 15.5%
Define Manzanilla Sherry...
A delicate style of Fino aged only in the coastal town of Sanlucar de Barrameda
Define Amontillado Sherry...
A Fino that has been left in cask for additional aging and develops a rich, nutty character.
Usually dry in style, minimum 3 years in Solera System and 3 years in cask.
What is the lightest delicate style of Sherry?
Fortified to 15.5%
What is the delicate style of Fino aged only in the coastal town of Sanlucar de Barrameda?
Manzanilla is only aged in the coastal town of _______ __ ________
Sanlucar de Barrameda
Amontillado spend minimum ___ years in Solera and ___ years in cask
3 years in Solera and 3 years in cask
Define Palo Cortado...
A dry style that has characteristics of both Fino/Amontillado and Oloroso
Palo Cortados develop limited Flor
Is there a development of Flor in Oxidative Sherries?
No flor development
Includes Oloroso and Cream Style sherries
Define Oloroso sherries:
Oloroso: Rich style fortified to 18% and usually aged very long periods. Olorosos start dry but almost all are sweetened and often sold as Cream Sherries.
What is VOS?
Very Old Sherry: aged 20 years (average minimum age)
Very Old Rare Sherry: aged 30 years (average minimum age)
What is Añada?
Vintage dated sherries