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Flashcards in South Africa Deck (15):
0

South Africa background:

Longest tenure of wine making in New World
Late 1800's: Phylloxera
Late 20th century/early 21st. Rise of small producers

1

Primary white grape varieties...

Chenin Blanc (Steen)
Muscat (Hanepoot)
Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc
Semillon

2

Primary red grape varieties...

Pinotage (Pinot noir x Cinsault)
Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet franc
Merlot
Shiraz
Grenache
Pinot noir

3

Climate in South Africa...

Maritime coastal regions
Mediterranean inland regions
Atlantic/Indian oceans cooling
Effects of Cape Doctor wind

4

Soils in South Africa:

Ancient and diverse-clay, granite, sandstone

Vineyard issues include high occurrence of Leaf Roll Virus

5

Wine of origin system:

Introduced in 1973
100% of the grapes from named appellation
Vintage must be 85% of stated year
Varietal must be 85%

6

Wine of Origin Classifications...

Geographical units
Regions
Districts
Wards
Estates
Single Vineyards

7

Geographical units:

Established in 1993
Western Cape
Eastern Cape
Northern Cape -Orange River Valley
KwaZulu-Natal -east coast around Durban
Limpopo

8

Regions:

Coastal
Boberg
Breede River Valley
Oilfants River
Klein Karoo
Cape South Coast

9

In what valley is Robertson included?

Breede River Valley
White wine area

10

What is the dominant wine in Klein Karoo?

Sweet Muscadelle and light wine production

11

Coastal region districts:

Main region of production
Cool maritime climate
Constantia ward-constantia eatate
Stellenbosch district most prominent quality region for reds
Paarl 2nd most prominent
Swartland-cool coastal & hot inland areas

12

Other Coastal Region Districts:

Darling
Tygerberg
Tulbagh
Cape Point
Franschoek

13

What are the districts of Cape South Coast Region?

Swellendam
Cape Agulhas
Plettenberg Bay
Overberg (promising for cool climate varieties)
Walker Bay (Pinot noir an Chardonnay )

14

What are the districts of Breede River a Region?

Worcester (largest producer, 23% total)
Robertson (15.5% of total for country)
Swellendam