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Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (31):
0

Where is the largest appellation protégée/contrôlée in France?

Bordeaux

1

Bordeaux Rouge and Bordeaux Superieur account for ___ of total production

45%

2

The definition of negociant is:

An agent who purchases fruit or wine in barrel and ages it in their own cellar

3

En primer sales refers to...

Futures; early release of wine for sale

4

What are the primary white grape varieties used in Bordeaux?

-Semillon: the most widely planted white variety for dry and sweet wines
-sauvignon blanc: for dry wines
-Muscadelle de Bordelaise: add perfume and pungent flavor

5

What are the primary red grape varieties used in Bordeaux?

-Cabernet Sauvignon: also known as Carmenere, dominant in medoc, long lived, tannic and great finesse
-Merlot: brings color, fruit and suppleness to the blend
-Cabernet Franc: less structure than Cabernet Sauvignon but add fruits and fine aromas
-Malbec (cot): minor variety
-Petit Verdot: tannic, dark wine

6

The typical Bordeaux blends are:

•Medoc communes (left bank)
*70% Cabernet Sauvignon
*30% Merlot and minor varieties

•St Emilion and Pomerol (right bank)
*70% Merlot
*25% Cabernet Franc

7

How is the climate in Bordeaux?

Moderate temperatures
Increases vintage variability
Humid and mold

8

How are the soils in Bordeaux?

Medoc: gravel and northern graves
St Emilion: gravel over limestone
Pomerol: iron pan under sand and clay

9

What is the largest appellation in Bordeaux?

Medoc

10

The two sub appellations in Medoc are...

Haut Medoc
Medoc

11

What kind of wine predominates in Medoc?

Red wine
House of prestigious Chateaux

12

Medoc first Growths:

Chateau Lafite-Rothschild
Chateau Latour
Chateau Mouton-Rothschild
Chateau Margaux
Chateau Haut-Brion (Graves)

13

Which AOC contains the six communes and the most of the classified growth chateaux?

Haut-Medoc AOC

14

Which is the most northern commune of the Haut-Medoc with generally sturdy and full body wines?

Saint-Stephe AOC

15

The epitome of Claret is...

Pauillac AOC

16

Chateau Latour, Lafite-Rothschild and Mouton-Rothschild are part of...

Pauillac AOC

17

What is the smallest commune but largest % of classified growths (11)?

Saint-Julien AOC

18

How is the style of Saint-Julien AOC wines?

Combines elegance of Pauillac with sturdiness is Saint-Estephe

19

What are the five second growths from Saint-Julien AOC?

Chateaux Ducru-Beaucaillou
Leoville-Las-Cases
Leoville-Poyferre
Leoville-Barton
Gruaud-Larose

20

Listrac & Moulis AOC:

Lesser appellations
Cabernet based wines
No classified Growths

21

Margaux AOC...

Largest AOC in Haut-Medoc
Wines known for their elegance and finesse
One first growth: Chateau Margaux

22

The AOC of the Haut-Medoc are:

Haut-Medoc AOC
Saint-Estephe AOC
Pauillac AOC
Saint-Julien AOC
Listrac & Moulis AOC
Margaux AOC

23

World famous botrytis dessert wines, dry wines labeled as Graves Blanc or Bordeaux Blanc...

Sauternes

24

Botrytis Cinerea facts:

Fungus that develops under humid conditions, dehydrates the grapes, concentrates sugar, changes flavor profile, does not develop uniformly

25

The dominated grapes in Saint-Emilion AOC are...

Merlot and Cabernet Franc

26

Saint-Emilion classifications:

Premier Grand Cru Classe A
Premier Grand Cru Classe B
Grand Cru Classe

27

Pomerol AOC:

Merlot dominated wines
Iron Pan and Clay soils
Five square miles
Area has never been classified

28

The oldest vineyards in Bordeaux are...

Bourg & Blaye

29

Bourg & Blaye facts:

Higher rainfall than in the Medoc

30

Bourg & Blaye appellations...

Cotes de Bordeaux
Cotes de Bourg (Bordeaux oldest region)
Blaye/Cotes de Blaye
Premieres Cotes de Bordeaux (sweet wine)