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Flashcards in Australia Deck (38):
0

Generalities about Australia's wine...

Country's fruit dominated, easy drinking; Wines such as Shiraz have immense appeal.

1

Australia's primary white grape varieties:

Chardonnay
Riesling
Semillon
Muscat
Sauvignon Blanc
Chenin Blanc
Verdelho
Viognier

2

Australia's red wine grape varieties:

Shiraz
Cabernet Sauvignon
Grenache
Pinot noir
Merlot

3

What is LIP?

Label Integrity Program
Introduced in 1990
Guarantees all claims made on label (vintage, variety, region, etc)
85% for vintage, variety and origin

4

Geographic indication categories:

-Produce of Australia: most general designation, no vintage or variety allowed on label, not a GI's
-South-Eastern Australia super zone: enormous appellation covering most producing areas
-State of origin: next most specific category (south Australia is a state)
-Zones: large area of production (Barossa is a zone within south Australia)
-Regions: smaller area within a zone (Barossa valley and Eden Valley are zones within Barossa)
-Sub-regions: even smaller appellations within a region (high Eden is a sub-region within Eden Valley)

5

Australia's wine producing states are...

New South Wales
Victoria
Tasmania
South Australia
Western Australia
Northern Territory
Queensland

6

What is the largest GI (geographical indication) in Australia?

South Eastern Australia super zone

7

New South Wales was established in _______

Late 1870

8

New South Wales white grapes are:

Semillon
Chardonnay
Riesling

9

New South Wales red grapes:

Shiraz

10

New South Wales climate:

Hot, humid in spots, cyclonic rain at harvest possible, shore breezes, difficult to cultivate wine grapes due to fungal diseases

11

New South Wales soils...

Wide cross-section, alluvial, red clay, sand, clay

12

New South Wales notable GI's

Hunter valley (over 100 wineries)
Established in the 1960's by penfolds
Whites predominate (rosemount's Roxburgh estate)
Hilltops
Mudgee
Tumbarumba
Orange

13

Victoria white grapes:

Chardonnay
Riesling
Muscat

14

Victoria black grapes:

Pinot noir
Shiraz
Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Cabernet franc

15

Define the climate in Victoria...

Cool maritime coastal regions vs hot Mediterranean inland areas separated by Australian Alps

16

Define the soils at Victoria...

Mix of alluvial, volcanic, granite, clay, sand

17

Victorias's wine styles:

Wide range of styles (sparkling, still, fortified)

18

Victoria's notable GI's:

-Yarra Valley: Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon based wines
-Rutherglen: Fortified muscat and Muscadelle (some of world's greatest dessert wines)

19

Other Victoria's GI's are...

Heathcote
Bendigo
Mornington Peninsula
Geelong
Murray Darling

20

South Australia generalities...

Produces 55% of Australia's wine
Largest wine companies based in Barossa
Fruit from Riverland used for mass produced blending

21

South Australia's grapes are...

Shiraz
Cabernet Sauvignon
Riesling
Many more

22

South Australia's climate:

Cool southern to warm northern inland, altitude contributes cool evenings in hill areas

23

South Australia's soils...

Limestone, clay, loams

24

South Australia's notable GI's;

Barossa Valley
Eden Valley
Mclaren Vale
Clare Valley
Coonawarra

25

South Australia's other GI's...

Adelaide Hills
Langhorne Creek
Riverland

26

Barossa Valley grapes:

Shiraz
Grenache
Cabernet Sauvignon

Oldest and most important area in south Australia, Mediterranean hot area, extremely old vines

27

Eden Valley's grape and soils...

Shiraz
Rocky soils
Hill region

28

McLaren Vale grapes are...

Shiraz
Cabernet Sauvignon

Wide range of wines: light white to dessert

29

Claire Valley's grape and climate:

Riesling in bone dry style

Hot region with cool nights
Dry farmed

30

Coonawarra's soil, climate and grapes:

Terra rosa soil
Cooler climate
Balanced wines
Cabernet Sauvignon
Shiraz

31

Western Australia's grapes;

White grapes:
Chardonnay, Riesling
Red grapes:
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, Shiraz

32

Western Australia's climate and soils...

Climate: Warm maritime, ocean breezes, irrigation necessary

Soils: gravels and sand over clay

33

Western Australia's notable GI:

Margaret river: 1978 Australia's first appellation system, Western Australia's premier region for wines of elegance/finesse

34

Other western Australia's GI's are...

Great southern's Mount Barker and Frankland River
Peel
Perth
Swan Valley (one of the hottest growing regions in the world)

35

Tasmania's grapes:

White:
Chardonnay, Riesling, Gewürztraminer, aromatics
Red:
Pinot noir

Sparkling industry is very important

36

Tasmania's climate and soils:

Climate: cool maritime, high humidity, windy (east facing slopes)

Soils: volcanic, red basalt, low fertility

37

Tasmania's recognized areas of production (not GI's):

Hobart
Launceston
Piper's River
Coal River