Flashcards in Australia Deck (38)
Generalities about Australia's wine...
Country's fruit dominated, easy drinking; Wines such as Shiraz have immense appeal.
Australia's primary white grape varieties:
Australia's red wine grape varieties:
What is LIP?
Label Integrity Program
Introduced in 1990
Guarantees all claims made on label (vintage, variety, region, etc)
85% for vintage, variety and origin
Geographic indication categories:
-Produce of Australia: most general designation, no vintage or variety allowed on label, not a GI's
-South-Eastern Australia super zone: enormous appellation covering most producing areas
-State of origin: next most specific category (south Australia is a state)
-Zones: large area of production (Barossa is a zone within south Australia)
-Regions: smaller area within a zone (Barossa valley and Eden Valley are zones within Barossa)
-Sub-regions: even smaller appellations within a region (high Eden is a sub-region within Eden Valley)
Australia's wine producing states are...
New South Wales
What is the largest GI (geographical indication) in Australia?
South Eastern Australia super zone
New South Wales was established in _______
New South Wales white grapes are:
New South Wales red grapes:
New South Wales climate:
Hot, humid in spots, cyclonic rain at harvest possible, shore breezes, difficult to cultivate wine grapes due to fungal diseases
New South Wales soils...
Wide cross-section, alluvial, red clay, sand, clay
New South Wales notable GI's
Hunter valley (over 100 wineries)
Established in the 1960's by penfolds
Whites predominate (rosemount's Roxburgh estate)
Victoria white grapes:
Victoria black grapes:
Define the climate in Victoria...
Cool maritime coastal regions vs hot Mediterranean inland areas separated by Australian Alps
Define the soils at Victoria...
Mix of alluvial, volcanic, granite, clay, sand
Victorias's wine styles:
Wide range of styles (sparkling, still, fortified)
Victoria's notable GI's:
-Yarra Valley: Pinot noir, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon based wines
-Rutherglen: Fortified muscat and Muscadelle (some of world's greatest dessert wines)
Other Victoria's GI's are...
South Australia generalities...
Produces 55% of Australia's wine
Largest wine companies based in Barossa
Fruit from Riverland used for mass produced blending
South Australia's grapes are...
South Australia's climate:
Cool southern to warm northern inland, altitude contributes cool evenings in hill areas
South Australia's soils...
Limestone, clay, loams
South Australia's notable GI's;
South Australia's other GI's...
Barossa Valley grapes:
Oldest and most important area in south Australia, Mediterranean hot area, extremely old vines
Eden Valley's grape and soils...
McLaren Vale grapes are...
Wide range of wines: light white to dessert
Claire Valley's grape and climate:
Riesling in bone dry style
Hot region with cool nights
Coonawarra's soil, climate and grapes:
Terra rosa soil
Western Australia's grapes;
Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet franc, Shiraz
Western Australia's climate and soils...
Climate: Warm maritime, ocean breezes, irrigation necessary
Soils: gravels and sand over clay
Western Australia's notable GI:
Margaret river: 1978 Australia's first appellation system, Western Australia's premier region for wines of elegance/finesse
Other western Australia's GI's are...
Great southern's Mount Barker and Frankland River
Swan Valley (one of the hottest growing regions in the world)
Chardonnay, Riesling, Gewürztraminer, aromatics
Sparkling industry is very important
Tasmania's climate and soils:
Climate: cool maritime, high humidity, windy (east facing slopes)
Soils: volcanic, red basalt, low fertility