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Flashcards in USA California Deck (26):
0

California background...

Is responsible for 90% of all wine produced in USA
Longest history in quality wine production
Great diversity of regions
Wide range of climates
Wide range of grape varieties and wine styles

1

Primary white grape varieties are...

Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc
Riesling
Gewürztraminer
Viognier
Thompson's seedless

2

Primary red grape varieties:

Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Pinot noir
Syrah
Zifandel

3

Major regions:

North coast super AVA
Sierras
Central coast (Santa Cruz to Santa Barbara)
Central Valley (south to Clarksburg and Lodi)
Southern Valley (Santa Ynez to San Diego)

4

Super AVA's in north coast:

Napa county
Sonoma county
Mendocino county
Lake county
Marin county
Solano county

5

Napa Valley generalities:

Over 39k acres under wine
One of most important new world regions for quality and branding
Expensive to develop vineyards
Only accounts for 4% of US production
Framed on east by Mayacamas and on West by vaca mountains, San Pablo Bay to the south

6

Napa Valley limits:

East by Mayacamas
West by Vaca Mountains
south by San Pablo Bay

7

Napa Valley white grapes:

Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc (Fume Blanc)
Viognier

8

Napa Valley red grapes:

Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Syrah

9

Napa valley climate...

Wide range of climates and micro-climates

10

Napa valley soils...

Volcanic, alluvial, gravel loams to the north
More alluvial, clay in the south

11

Napa valley AVA's:

Los Carneros
Wildhorse Valley
Oak Knoll District of Napa Valley
Yountville
Stags Leap District
Mount Veeder
Oakville
Rutherford
Atlas Peak
Spring Mountain District
Chiles Valley District
Diamond Mountain District
Calistoga
St Helena
Coombsville (new)

12

Sonoma county grapes:

White:
Chardonnay

Red:
Zifandel
Pinot noir
Syrah
Cabernet Sauvignon

13

Sonoma county climate:

Marine influence
Larger area than Napa Valley with six fertile valleys

14

Sonoma Valley AVA's...

Los Carneros
Sonoma Mountain
Bennet Valley
Yountville
Green Valley of Russian River Valley
Chalk Hill
Knights Valley
Russian River Valley
Sonoma Coast
Alexander Valley
Rockpile
Dry Creek Valley
Northern Sonoma
Sonoma Valley
Fort Ross-Seaview (new)
Pine Mountain-Cloverdale Peak (new)

15

Mendocino County facts:

Wide range of micro climates
Cooler coastal climate with an active sparkling wine industry
Warm interior vineyards with old vine Zifandel, Petite Syrah, Carignane, etc

16

Mendocino County AVA's...

McDowell Valley
Yorkville Highlands
Mendocino
Mendocino Ridge
Dos Rios
Anderson Valley
Cole Ranch
Covelo
Redwood Valley
Potter Valley

17

Lake County AVA's:

Benmore
Clear Lake
Guenoc

18

How is the climate in Central Coast?

Cool coastal climate vs hot inland

19

San Francisco Bay areas:

San Francisco Bay
Livermore Valley
Santa Cruz Mountains
Ben Lomond Mountain
Santa Clara Valley
San Ysidro District

20

San Benito County regions...

Mount Harlan
Cienega Valley
Lime Klin Valley
Paicines

21

Monterey County regions:

Monterey
Carmel Valley
Santa Lucia Highlands
Chalone
Arroyo Seco
San Bernabe
San Lucas
Hames Valley
San Antonio Valley

22

Paso Robles facts...

One of CA's oldest growing regions
Divergence between day time high temperature and night time low temperatures
Considerable expansion over the last 10 years
Pending sub-AVA's
Zifandel and Rhone varieties

23

Edna Valley facts:

South of Paso Robles
Marine influence-cool climate
Chardonnay and Pinot noir

24

Santa Barbara County Facts:

Cool, dry coastal climate
Series of east-west valleys
Longest growing season in CA
Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Pinot noir, Syrah, Merlot

25

Santa Barbara AVA's...

Santa Maria Valley
Santa Ynez Valley
Santa Rita Hills
Happy Canyon of Santa Barbara