Flashcards in Portugal Deck (10):
Portugal primary white grape varieties are...
Vinho Verde: trajadura, alvarinho, loureiro
Bairrada/Ribatejo/Bucelas/Alentejo: Maria Gomez, fernao pires, arinto, roupeiro
Portugal red grape varieties are...
Douro and Dao: Touriga Nacional, Tinto Roriz
Douro and Alentejo: Aragonez
Alentejo and Southern Portugal: Trincadeira
Southern Portugal: Castelao Frances, Joao de Santarem, Periquita
The established wine quality levels in Portugal are:
Vinho de Mesa: table wines
Vinho Regional (VR): equivalent to Vin de Pays
Indicacao de Proveniencia Regulamentada (IPR): equivalent to VDQS. Regions with potential for elevation to DOC category.
Being absorbed into DOC
Denominacao de Origen Controlada (DOC): approved quality wine areas
Garrafeira: reserve wines
New EU sanctioned Quality Levels:
Denominacao de Origem Protegida (DOP): former DOC's; former IPR's; similar to AOC (stated allowed styles, maximum yields, minimum alcohol content and possible aging requirements-not vintage)
Indicacao Geografica Protegida (IG or IGP): former VR's; 85% of grapes must be grown in stated region/minimum alcohol by volume requirements apply; can keep original quality classifications within Portugal; still in a state of flux, trying to play with EU rules for better export efficacy
Minho (Vinho Verde)
Porto & Douro
Vinho Verde DOC facts:
Red, white and rose wines produced in the Minho province with nine sub-districts.
Bottled young to undergo malolactic fermentation in bottle.
Best white wines from Alvarinho or Loureiro grapes
Douro DOC facts:
Only a certain percentage of all grapes grown may be used for Port production.
Region achieved DOC status for table wines in 1982.
Barca Velha the region's first fine wine.
Grapes: Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Tinta Barroca and more.
Dao DOC facts:
Terraced vineyards on granite slopes.
90% red -10% white wines.
12 approved grape varieties.
By law 20% minimum of red wines must be from Touriga Nacional.
Arinto and Encruzado are predominant white grapes.
Bairrada DOC facts:
Clay-based soils with chalk.
Sparkling wines from Maria Gomez and Bical.
Many different grapes allowed.
Bairrada Classico red wines must contain minimum of 50% Baga grape (normally 80%).
Maria Gomez predominant white grape.