Port Flashcards Preview

Wine Connoisseur > Port > Flashcards

Flashcards in Port Deck (20):
0

Why is Port famous for?

Fortified wines

1

Port's primary whit grape varieties:

Arinto
Codega
Malvasia Fino
Malvasia Corada
Rabigato
Viosinho

2

Porto's red grape varieties:

Touriga Nacional
Touriga Francesa
Tinta Cao
Tinta Roriz
Tinta Baroca
Mourisco Tinto
Sousao

3

Vineyards and Soils in Porto...

Vineyards planted on slopes (up to 60%) with schist soils

Schist: a form of slate with strata which allow the vine roots to penetrate and grow

4

What is the wine making method used in Port?

Fortification

5

Define Fortification...

Pipe: traditional Port cask holding 550 liters

Fortification: 440 liters of wine is added to 110 liters of Aguardente (neutral grape spirit at 77%)

Alcohol level is reduced to app. 20% ABV

Timing of fortification based on the sugar reading not alcoholic strength of the fermenting wine.

Alcohol level of fermenting must is app. 6-8% ABV

6

What is Vila Nova de Gaia?

Classic center of Port trade
A suburb of Oporto where many of the warehouses of the Port lodges are located
The cooler climate near the coast is optimal for maturing the young wines in cask

7

Port styles:

2 Basic overall categories:
Aged in Barrel in Lodge/generally ready to drink on release.
Aged in Bottle/generally benefits from aging on release

8

Barrel aged Ports:

Ruby Port
Tawny Port
Aged Tawny Port
Late-Bottled vintage Port

9

Facts about Ruby Port:

The house wine of each lodge
Product of multiple vintages and vineyard sources
Maintaining consistent house style important
Aged in Bulk for 2-3 years and bottled when young

10

____ ____: Aged in bulk for 2-3 years and bottled when young.

Ruby Port

11

Facts about Tawny Port:

Inexpensive blends of white and red wines
Produced from lesser vintages and vineyards sources
Auto-vinification often used during production
Popular as an Aperitif in France

12

Aged Tawny Port facts:

True Tawnies matured entirely in cask.
After six years in cask the wines take in smooth, creamy character, fruitcake spices.
Aged declarations: 10, 20, 30 and 40 years.
Colheita: a vintage tawny with a minimum of seven years cask aging

13

What is Colheita?

A vintage Tawny with a minimum of seven years cask aging

14

How many years of cask aging for Colheita?

7 years

15

Late-Bottled Vintage Port facts:

Produced in non-declared vintages
Fruit sourced from top quintas
Aged 4-6 years in cask
Vintage and bolting years must be declared on the label
Filtered vs unfiltered wines
Some are age worthy

16

Bottled Aged:

Vintage Port
Single Quinta Port

17

Vintage Port facts:

Accounts for less than 3% of all port.
The most expensive wines but the simplest to make (2 years wood aging).
Produced from top vineyards (quintas).

18

Single Quinta Port facts:

Fruit sourced from best quintas-vineyards.
Usually produced in non-declared vintages.
Must state vintage on the label.
Age worthy
Excellent values

19

Barrel and Bottled aged ports:

Barrel:
Ruby Port
Tawny Port
Aged Tawny Port
Late-Bottled Vintage Port

Bottle:
Vintage Port
Single Quinta Port