Flashcards in Port Deck (20):
Why is Port famous for?
Port's primary whit grape varieties:
Porto's red grape varieties:
Vineyards and Soils in Porto...
Vineyards planted on slopes (up to 60%) with schist soils
Schist: a form of slate with strata which allow the vine roots to penetrate and grow
What is the wine making method used in Port?
Pipe: traditional Port cask holding 550 liters
Fortification: 440 liters of wine is added to 110 liters of Aguardente (neutral grape spirit at 77%)
Alcohol level is reduced to app. 20% ABV
Timing of fortification based on the sugar reading not alcoholic strength of the fermenting wine.
Alcohol level of fermenting must is app. 6-8% ABV
What is Vila Nova de Gaia?
Classic center of Port trade
A suburb of Oporto where many of the warehouses of the Port lodges are located
The cooler climate near the coast is optimal for maturing the young wines in cask
2 Basic overall categories:
Aged in Barrel in Lodge/generally ready to drink on release.
Aged in Bottle/generally benefits from aging on release
Barrel aged Ports:
Aged Tawny Port
Late-Bottled vintage Port
Facts about Ruby Port:
The house wine of each lodge
Product of multiple vintages and vineyard sources
Maintaining consistent house style important
Aged in Bulk for 2-3 years and bottled when young
____ ____: Aged in bulk for 2-3 years and bottled when young.
Facts about Tawny Port:
Inexpensive blends of white and red wines
Produced from lesser vintages and vineyards sources
Auto-vinification often used during production
Popular as an Aperitif in France
Aged Tawny Port facts:
True Tawnies matured entirely in cask.
After six years in cask the wines take in smooth, creamy character, fruitcake spices.
Aged declarations: 10, 20, 30 and 40 years.
Colheita: a vintage tawny with a minimum of seven years cask aging
What is Colheita?
A vintage Tawny with a minimum of seven years cask aging
How many years of cask aging for Colheita?
Late-Bottled Vintage Port facts:
Produced in non-declared vintages
Fruit sourced from top quintas
Aged 4-6 years in cask
Vintage and bolting years must be declared on the label
Filtered vs unfiltered wines
Some are age worthy
Single Quinta Port
Vintage Port facts:
Accounts for less than 3% of all port.
The most expensive wines but the simplest to make (2 years wood aging).
Produced from top vineyards (quintas).
Single Quinta Port facts:
Fruit sourced from best quintas-vineyards.
Usually produced in non-declared vintages.
Must state vintage on the label.