Chapter 3 (2) - Combining Forms of Elements and Systems of the Body Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 (2) - Combining Forms of Elements and Systems of the Body Deck (113):
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Abdomin (o)

Abdomen

Abdominoplasty - surgical repair of the abdomen

1

Acetabul (o)

Cup-shaped hip socket

Acetabulectomy - excision of the acetabulum

2

Aden (o)

Gland

Adenitis - inflammation of a gland

3

Adip (o)

Fat

Adiposis - condition of excessive accumulation of fat

4

Adren (o)

Adrenal glands

Adrenotoxin - a substance toxic to the adrenal glands

5

Alveol (o)

Air sac, alveolus

Alveolitis - inflammation of alveoli

6

Angi (o)

Vessel

Angiomegaly - enlargement of blood vessels

7

Aort (o)

Aorta

Aortitis - inflammation of the aorta

8

Appendic (o)

Appendix

Appendicitis - inflammation of the appendix

9

Arteri (o)

Artery

Arteriosclerosis - hardening of the arteries

10

Arteriol (o)

Arteriole

Arteriolosclerosis - hardening of the arterioles, often seen in conjunction with chronic high blood pressure

11

Arthr (o)

Joint; Articulation

Arthralgia - severe joint pain

12

Aur (i)

Auricul (o)

Ear

Auriform - ear-shaped

Auriculocranial - of the ear and cranium

13

Blephar (o)

Eyelid

Blepharitis - inflammation of the eyelid

14

Brachi (o)

Arm

Brachialgia - pain in the arm

15

Bronch (o)

Bronchi

Bronchus

Bronchomycosis - fungal disease of the bronchi

16

Bucc (o)

Cheek

Buccolabial - relating to both the cheeks and lips

17

Burs (o)

Bursa

Bursitis - inflammation of a bursa

18

Calcane (o)

Heel bone

Calcaneodynia - heel pain

19

Cardi (o)

Heart; Esophageal opening of the stomach

Cardiomegaly - enlargement of the heart

Cardiectomy - excision of the cardiac portion of the stomach

20

Carp (o)

Wrist bones

Carpopedal - relating to the wrist and the foot

21

Celi (o)

Abdomen

Celiorrhaphy - suture of an abdominal wound

22

Cephal (o)

Head

Cephalomegaly - enlargement of the head

23

Cerebell (o)

Cerebellum

Cerebellitis - inflammation of the cerebellum

24

Cerebr (o)

Cerebrum

Cerebrotomy - incision into the brain

25

Cervic (o)

Neck; Cervix

Cervicodynia - neck pain

26

Cheil (o)

Lip

Cheiloplasty, Chiloplasty - plastic surgery of the lips

27

Chir (o)

Hand

Chiropractic - theory that uses manipulation of the spine to restore and maintain health

28

Chol (e)

Cholo

Bile

Cholelith - gallstone

29

Chondri (o)

Chondr (o)

Cartilage

Chondromalacia - softening of the cartilage

30

Col (o)

Colon (o)

Colon

Colonoscopy - Visual examination of the colon

31

Colp (o)

Vagina

Colporrhagia - vaginal hemorrhage

32

Costi

Costo

Rib

Costogenic - arising from a rib

33

Crani (o)

Cranium

Craniotomy - opening into the skull

34

Cyst (i)

Cysto

Bladder; Cyst

Cystoscopy - examination of the interior of the bladder

35

Cyt (o)

Cell

Cytology - study of cells

36

Dactyl (o)

Fingers, Toes

Dactylitis - finger inflammation

37

Dent (i)

Dento

Tooth

Dentiform - tooth-shaped

38

Derm (o)

Derma

Dermat (o)

Skin

Dermatitis - inflammation of the skin

39

Encephal (o)

Brain

Encephalomyeloneuropathy - disease involving the brain, spinal cord and nerves

40

Enter (o)

Intestines

Enteritis - inflammation of the intestine

41

Episi (o)

Vulva

Episiotomy - surgical incision into the vulva at the time of birth to avoid tearing of the perineum

42

Gastr (o)

Stomach

Gastritis - inflammation of the stomach

43

Gingiv (o)

Gum

Gingivitis - inflammation of the gums

44

Gloss (o)

Tongue

Glossodynia - pain in the tongue

45

Gnath (o)

Jaw

Gnathoplasty - plastic surgery on the jaw

46

Gonad (o)

Sex glands

Gonadopathy - disease of the gonads

47

Hem (a)

Hemat (o)

Hemo

Blood

Hematoma - mass of clotted blood

48

Hepat (o)

Liver

Hepatoma - malignant cancer of liver cells

49

Hidr (o)

Sweat

Hidropoeisis - production of sweat

50

Histo

Tissue

Histolysis - breakdown of tissue

51

Hyster (o)

Uterus, Hysteria

Hysterectomy - removal of the uterus

52

Ile (o)

Ileum

Ileocolitis - inflammation of the colon and the ileum

53

Ili (o)

Ilium

Iliospinal - relating to the ilium and the spine

54

Inguin (o)

Groin

Inguinoperitoneal - relating to the groin and peritoneum

55

Kary (o)

Nucleus

Karyotype - chromosomal characteristics of a cell

56

Kerat (o)

Cornea

Keratitis - inflammation of the cornea

57

Labi (o)

Lip

Labioplasty - plastic surgery of a lip

58

Lapar (o)

Abdominal wall

Laparomyositis - inflammation of the abdominal muscles

59

Laryng (o)

Larynx

Laryngitis - inflammation of the larynx

60

Linguo

Tongue

Linguocclusion - displacement of a tooth toward the tongue

61

Lip (o)

Fat

Liposuctioning - removal of body fat by vacuum pressure

62

Lymph (o)

Lymph

Lymphuria - discharge of lymph into the urine

63

Mast (o)

Breast

Mastitis - inflammation of the breast

64

Maxill (o)

Maxilla

Maxillitis - inflammation of the jawbone

65

Muco

Mucus

Mucolytic - agent capable of dissolving mucus

66

My (o)

Muscle

Myocarditis - inflammation of the muscle tissue of the heart

67

Myel (o)

Spinal cord; Bone marrow

Myelopathy - disease of the spinal cord

68

Nephr (o)

Kidney

Nephritis - inflammation of the kidneys

69

Neur

Neuro

Nerve

Neuritis - inflammation of a nerve

70

Oculo

Eye

Oculodynia - eye pain

71

Odont (o)

Tooth

Odontalgia - toothache

72

Onych (o)

Nail

Onychoid - resembling a fingernail

73

Oophor (o)

Ovary

Oophorectomy - removal of an ovary

74

Ophthalm (o)

Eye

Ophthalmoscope - device for examining interior of the eyeball

75

Opto

Optico

Eye; Sight

Optometer - instrument for measuring eye refraction

76

Orchi (o)

Orchid (o)

Testis

Orchialgia - pain in the testis

77

Ped (o)

Pedi

Foot; Child

Pedicure - treatment of the feet
Pedophilia - abnormal sexual attraction to children

78

Pelvi (o)

Pelvo

Pelvic bone; Hip

Pelviscope - instrument for examining the interior of the pelvis

79

Pharyng (o)

Pharynx

Pharyngitis - inflammation of the pharynx

80

Phleb (o)

Vein

Phlebitis - inflammation of a vein

81

Phren (o)

Phreni

Phrenico

Diaphragm; Mind

Phreicocolic - relating to the diaphragm and colon

Phrenotropic - exerting its principal effect on the mind

82

Pil (o)

Hair

Pilonidal - having hair, as in a cyst

83

Plasma

Plasmo

Plaasmat (o)

Plasma

Plasmacyte - plasma cell

84

Pleur (o)

Pleura

Rib; Side; Pleura

Pleurography - imaging of the pleural cavity

85

Pneum (a)
Pneumat (o)
Pneum (o)
Pneumon (o)

Lungs; Air; Breathing

Pneumonitis - inflammation of the lungs

86

Pod (o)

Foot

Podiatrist - specialist in diseases of the foot

87

Proct (o)

Anus

Proctalgia - pain in the anus or rectum

88

Psych (o)

Psyche

Mind

Psychomotor - relating to psychological influence on body movement

89

Pulmon (o)

Lung

Pulmonitis - inflammation of the lungs

90

Pyel (o)

Renal pelvis

Pyelitis - inflammation of the cavity below the kidneys

91

Rachi (o)

Spine

Rachiometer - instrument for measuring curvature of the spine

92

Rhin (o)

Nose

Rhinitis - inflammation of the nasal membranes

93

Sacr (o)

Sacrum

Sacralgia - pain in the sacral area

94

Sial (o)

Salivary glands; Saliva

Sialism - excessive production of saliva

95

Sigmoid (o)

Sigmoid colon

Sigmoidectomy - excision of the sigmoid colon

96

Somat (o)

Body

Somatophrenia - tendency to imagine bodily illness

97

Splen (o)

Spleen

Splenectomy - removal of the spleen

98

Spondyl (o)

Vertebra

Spondylitis - inflammation of a vertebra

99

Stern (o)

Sternum

Sternalgia - sternum pain

100

Steth (o)

Chest

Stethoscope - device for listening to chest sounds

101

Stom (a)

Stomat (o)

Mouth

Stomatopathy - disease of the mouth

102

Ten (o)
Tendin (o)
Tendo
Tenon (o)

Tendon

Tenectomy - removal of part of a tendon

103

Thorac (o)

Thoracico

Thorax, chest

Thoracalgia - chest pain

104

Thyr (o)

Thyroid gland

Thyrotomy - operation that cuts the thyroid gland

105

Trache (o)

Trachea

Tracheotomy - operation to create an opening into the trachea

106

Trich (o)

Trichi

Hair

Trichoid - hairlike

107

Varico

Varicosity

Varicophlebitis - inflammation of varicose veins

108

Vas (o)

Blood vessel, duct

Vasoconstrictor - agent that narrows blood vessels

109

Veni

Veno

Vein

Venipuncture - puncture of a vein, as with a needle

110

Ventricul (o)

Ventricle

Ventriculitis - inflammation of the ventricles in the brain

111

Vertebro

Vertebra

Vertebrosacral - relating to the vertebra and the sacrum

112

Vesic (o)

Bladder

Vesicoprostatic - relating to the bladder and the prostate