Chapter 3: Colonial Society in the 18th Century Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Colonial Society in the 18th Century Deck (6)
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Great Awakening

A movement characterized by fervent expressions of religious feeling among masses of people
~There was less emphasis than in Puritan times on human sinfulness and the perils of damnation
~Sermons were long intellectual discourses and portrayed God as a benign creator of a perfectly ordered universe


Jonathon Edwards

Initiated the Great Awakening with a series of sermons
~"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" 1741; limited influence, New England only
~Invoking the Old Testament Scriptures, he argued that God was rightfully angry with human sinfulness
~Any individual who expressed deep penitence could be saved by God's grace, but the souls who paid no heed to God's commandments would suffer eternal damnation


George Whitefield

An English preacher who ignited the Great Awakening from one end of Colonial America to the other
~Rousing sermons on the hellish torments of the damned
~Stressed that God was all-powerful and would save only those who openly professed their belief in Jesus Christ, those who did not were cast into hell
~Taught that ordinary people who had faith and sincerity could understand the Christian Gospels without depending on a minister to lead them


Cotton Mather

Wrote widely read religious tracts
~From Massachusetts


"Poor Richard’s Almanac"

A popular piece of literature in the 18th century
~Written by Benjamin Franklin
~Held many witty aphorisms and advice
~Was annually revised from 1732-1757


John Peter Zenger

A New York editor and publisher charged with libelously criticizing New York's royal governor
~His lawyer, Andrew Hamilton argued that his client had printed the truth
~English common law stated: inuring a governor's reputation was considered a criminal act whether it was true or not
~Ignoring English law, he was acquitted