Flashcards in Chapter 7 Review Deck (56)
- Located at the end of a long bone and articulates with another bone to form a joint
- A layer of hyaline cartilage that coats the articulating portion of the epiphysis.
- The shaft of the bone
-the widening part of the bone between the diaphysis and epiphysis
- A tough, vascular covering of dense connective tissue, except for the articular cartilage on its ends.
- Form and repair bone tissue
-tightly packed tissue
-thick layers of compact bone on their surfaces
-Short bones: cube like, with roughly equal lengths and widths. Tarsals and Carpals
-Flat bones: platelike structures with road surfaces, such as ribs, scapula, and some bones in the skull
-Irregular bones: variety of shapes, most are connected to several other bones. Vertebrae that compose the back bone and many facial bones.
- A hollow chamber formed by a tube in the diaphysis of a long bone.
-a thin membrane containing bone-forming cells
-it lines the medullar cavities
-a specialized type of connective tissue
-central canal of bone cells
-layers of extracellular matrix in compact bone
-bony chambers, which house osteocytes
-way for cells to travel throughout the bone
perforating canals(Volkmann's canals)
connects the central canals
-skull, clavicle, sternum, mandible, maxillae, and zygomatic
-develops from hyaline cartilage
-bone forming cells
- Large multinucleate cells that break down the calcified matrix.
- The process of replacing embryonic connective tissue to form an intramembranous bone.
- The process of forming an endochondral bone by replacement of hyaline cartilage.
- As spongy bone is deposited in the diaphysis and in the epiphysis, a band of cartilage called epiphyseal plate.
- Allow for growth of bones; growth plates
-necessary for proper absorption of dietary calcium in the small intestine
-necessary for osteoblast and osteoclast activity during normal development
-required for collagen synthesis