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Flashcards in Chapter 9-Early Church History Deck (42):
1

What were the local places of worship for the Jews?

Synagogues

2

Who were the non-Jews who heard the Word of God and joined the Jews as proselytes(converts)?

Gentiles

3

Some Gentiles(non-Jews) heard the Word of God and joined the Jews as:

Proselytes (converts)

4

What is the Greek word for the "Anointed One"?

Messiah

5

Who was the local king and deputy of Rome when Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem?

Herod the Great

6

Who is the true King of the Jews and Savior of all mankind and was born in Bethlehem of Judaea?

Jesus Christ

7

Jesus appointed 12 men, ________, to carry on His work of preaching and teaching after his death, resurrection, and ascension.

Apostles

8

What is a local body or assembly of believers?

Church

9

The early Christians' continuing need for order and direction from God was met through the writing of what scriptures?

The New Testament

10

By what time had all 27 books of the New Testament been written?

A.D. 100

11

What were the people called who exhibited unconquerable faith and patience in the face of torture and is Greek for "witness"?

Martyrs

12

Who declared "The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church"?

Tertullian

13

When did Nero enact the first major persecution by the Romans?

A.D. 64

14

Who began the first major persecution in A.D. 64?

Nero

15

God raised up a number of godly and able men to expound on the Scriptures, defend the faith, and champion the cause of Christ. These preachers and teachers were called the:

Church fathers

16

Prominent among the earliest church writers of the Christian life, thought, and worship development was __________, commended by the apostle Paul in the New Testament.

Clement of Rome

17

Who were the three men that were pupils of the apostle John?

Ignatius
Polycarp
Papias

18

Many early Christian writers were _______, those who attempted to reasonably defend Christianity against pagan defamations.

Apologists

19

Christian apologists of the early church period included what two men?

Aristides
Justin Martyr

20

Who was the greatest of the apologists?

Justin Martyr

21

Who was the pupil of Justin Martyr, compiled the first harmony of the Gospels, and in his incisive "Address to the Greeks", proved the superiority of Christianity over Greek philosophy and religion?

Tatian

22

Who wrote against Gnosticism in his work, "Against All Heresies"?

Irenaeus

23

What combined elements of Greek philosophy, oriental religion, and Christian theology into a complex system of error that attacked the very foundations of Christianity?

Gnosticism

24

Who contended against the heresy of Monarchianism?

Tertullian

25

What denies the doctrine of trinity?

Monarchianism

26

Who was a theologian from Alexandria and was perhaps the most learned man in the early church and wrote the first book of systematic theology in the early church?

Origen

27

Who from Alexandria eloquently and passionately argued for the true deity of Christ at the Council of Nicaea?

Athanasius

28

Who translated the Scriptures out of Hebrew and Greek into the Latin Vulgate?

Jerome

29

Jerome translated the Scriptures out of Hebrew and Greek into the:

Latin Vulgate

30

What two preachers publicly expounded on the Scriptures?

Ambrose
John Chrysostom

31

Who was the greatest of the church fathers, was the most important figure in church history between the apostle Paul and Martin Luther, and wrote "Confessions"?

Augustine

32

Augustine's monumental _________ was the first systematic Christian philosophy of history.

"City of God"

33

The early Christian wrote statements of their beliefs in the form of _________, or confessions of faith.

Creeds

34

What was the earliest creed which developed between the second and fifth centuries from the questions asked of new converts at their baptism?

Apostles' Creed

35

What creed was adopted by the Council of Nicaea in A.D. 325, rejecting the teaching of Arianism and confessed the true biblical teaching that Jesus Christ is "very God of very God," coequal, coessential, and coeternal with God the Father?

Nicene Creed

36

The Nicene Creed was adopted by the:

Council of Nicaea

37

What is the false doctrine which denied the deity of God?

Arianism

38

What three church councils completed the work of the Council of Nicaea in affirming the full deity and true humanity of Christ?

Constantinople
Ephesus
Chalcedon

39

What creed was named after Athanasius, who stood so firmly and courageously for these all-important truths concerning Christ during and after the Council of Nicaea?

Athanasian Creed

40

Under whose rule did Christianity become the only legal faith, the state religion of the Roman Empire?

Theodosius

41

Under the pagans, the presbyters became _________, who offered up the Lord's body and blood as a sacrifice for the living and dead.

Sacerdotes

42

Who were the elders of the church who, under the pagans, became sacerdotes?

Presbyters