The hue employed should suggest an emotion or association of ideas in harmony with the room's function.
Function of Rooms
Can be developed from some object on hand:
- A rug
- Type and color of furnature
- A beautiful picture or vase
Sources of color schemes- Some object on Hand
- Fine Arts
- Home decorating, magazines, trade magazines, literature
Sources of color schemes- color combinations
- Should prevail extensively above any other hue.
- If more than one hue is used, this hue should be at least 50% of the color scheme.
Dominant Hue in a Room Interior
The hues of objects should be selected under the same conditions in which they will be seen.
- Daylight exposures
- Incandescent lighting
- Colored lighting
Effect of Illumination on a Hue
Natural illumination from different compass points creates suprising effects on the appearance of a hue.
Unchangingly cool. Use a warm color scheme.
Warm and bright, use a cool color scheme.
Mainly cool, use a warm colorscheme.
Mainly warm, use a cool color scheme.
Illumination is high in yellow.
- High in green and blue.
- Lacking in adequate red.
Obtained by either placing a transparency before a white bulb or by painted bulbs.
Chormatic colors exhibit different degress of aggressive activity associated with the illusions of force and weight.
Activities of Hues
Some hues seem to strive for attention while others seem passive, retiring, and quiet.
Some hues give the impression of heaviness while others seem light-weight.
- Pure hues seem heavier than some hue grayed.
- The shade of a hue seems heavier than its tint.
- Cool hues seem heavier than warm hues.
Employ each hue (different amounts, values, and intensities) at least 3 times.
Principle of Repetition
Methods of Repetition
A guide for the use of dull colors for expansive areas and intense colors for small areas.
Law of Areas (in a room)
The larger the area, the duller the color should be.
Law of Areas- Large Areas
The smaller the area, the more brillant the color should be.
Law of Areas- Small Areas
- Should have balance
- Principals of Weight
Floral Arrangements (Group Pieces)
The placement of similar pieces in the same position at each side of the casket.
Symmetrical- Floral arrangements
The placement of dissimilar pieces at both sides of a casket.
Asymmetrical- Floral Arrangements
If large and heavy, they should be placed low or in the middle, but not up high.
Positioning- Floral Arrangements
Occurs when the arrangements are large, cool, colored, dark or of pure hues.
Illusion of Heavier Weight- Floral Arrangements
Related Color Harmonies
One hue with its tints, shades, and tones.
- Example: Red, pink, rose, cherry, coral, burgundy, cordovan, and maroon are all red in hue.
Two or more adjacent hues with the same hue in common.
- Example: Orange, red-orange, yellow-orange (all have orange in common).
- Scenic wallpaper
Application of related colors in a funeral home
- Place similar colors together as a group
- Very the size of other similar groupings
- If there is to much similarity, place a contrast group within.
Application of related colors in a floral arrangement
- Contrast (Non-complementary)
Contrasting color harmonies
Involving 2 opposite hues on the color wheel.
- Example: Orange Blue
In interiors, when both color large areas.
Danger of rivalry- complementary colors
In adjacent groups it creates a contrast in weight. (example: warm and cool)
Greatest effectiveness of complementary colors in floral arrangements
3 Hues at least 3 hues apart.
- Red, Yellow and Blue - perfect
3 Hues total, 1 hue plus hues on each side of its complement.
- Example: Yellow, Red-Purple, Blue- Purple
4 Hues total, 2 separated colors and their complements.
- Example: Orange, Yellow - Blue, purple
Four hues total, two adjacent colors and their complements.
- Example: orange/ yellow-orange - Blue/ Blue purple.
2 Hues that contrast, but not complementary.
- Example: Orange + Green + Purple
Large areas of color should be quiet in effect while small areas should show strong contrasts.
Law of Areas - Using Contrasting Color Harmonies in a Room Interior
- Done to enhance beauty
- If flowers have no contrast, a ribbon or object is added.
Application of Contrasting Color Harmonies in Floral Arrangements
- Monochromatic- Well dressed effect
- Analogist- A missmatch, an attempt at monochromatic.
Application of Color in Clothing
- Split Complement
Color Schemes Involving 3
Color Schemes Involving 2
- Double Complement
Color Schemes Involving 4