Non-Wax Treatments (Part 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Non-Wax Treatments (Part 2) Deck (81):
1

Embalm the limb separtely.

Severed Arm or Leg

2

Permanently ligate all leaking vessels.

After Embalming- Severed Arm or Leg

3

This may also be required.

Hypodermic injection of the limb (severed arm or leg)

4

__________ through the ends of the bones to be connected.

  • Strong, flexible wire is threaded through the holes and twisted tightly.

Drill Holes (severed arm or leg)

5

Suture the _______ together.

  • Apply incision sealer (powder) or hardening compound to the area.
  • Suture the _____.

Muscles, Skin (severed arm or leg)

6

Apply a _____ __ ____ bandage.

  • Wrap sheet plastic around the bandage.

Plaster of Paris (Severed arm or leg)

7

  1. Drill holes through the bones and stretch lengths of wire between the two parts.
  2. Establish the bend of the elbow and wrist.
  3. Starting with the wrist, wrap a plaster of paris bandage around the wires up to the upper arm.
  4. Cotton wadding is used.
  5. Complete by covering the arm.

Missing Forearm- When the hand is in good condition

8

Bends at the crest of the ilium.

Elbow

9

Turn to the postion it is to be postured in.

Wrist

10

To achieve the full contour of the arm.

Cotton wadding is used

11

  • Male- long sleeve shirt.
  • Female- When long sleeves are not available, use:
    • Netting
    • Material removed from the back of the dress.

Complete by covering the arm

12

Treat this similarly to the missing arm.

Missing leg- If the Foot is in Good Condition

13

  • The correct length of wire is very important
  • To hold the foot in position it may be necessary to tie the restored leg to the natural leg.

If a full couch casket is used- Missing Leg

14

Make a plaster cast of a similar sized hand including 2" to 3" of the wrist.

Missing Hand

15

  • Insert a piece of doubled wire into the wrist so it will extend about half an inch.
  • Treat the restoration in a similar manner to that of a missing forearm.

Missing Hand- Attaching the Plaster Casted Hand

16

Position the artificial hand _____ the good hand.

Beneath

17

You can use a glove filled with cotton and pin it inside of the sleeve.

In an Emergency

18

Caused by:

  • Arthritis
  • Third Degree Burns

Limbs, Twisted or Bent

19

Difficulty in casketing.

Problem Created With Twisted or Bent Limbs

20

Straighten the arms and legs as much as possible. Strapping may be helpful.

Before Embalming- Twisted or Bent Limbs

21

  • Cut tendons and straighten the limb.
  • Pack the area with incision sealer/hardening compound and bandage it.
  • A wooden splint may be used
  • Alteration of the casket bedding may be necessary.

After Embalming (If Necessary)- Twisted or Bent Limbs

22

Affix it to the leg by wrapping it with either:

  • Gauze
  • Surgical Tape

A wooden splint may be used - Twisted or Bent Limbs

23

Cancer on one cheek.

Possible Cause of a Misaligned Lower Jaw

24

Lower jaw is drawn to the opposite side.

Problem created- Misaligned lower jaw

25

Treatment for this is done before embalming.

Misaligned Lower Jaw

26

  • Return the mandible to its normal position.
  • Drill a hole through the:
    • Maxilla
    • Mandible
  • Pliable wire is threaded through the holes and tightly twisted

Treatment for a Misaligned Lower Jaw

27

On the damaged side.

Hole Drilled- Maxilla

28

On the healthy side.

Hole Drilled- Mandible

29

Alternate method for drilling holes and threading a wire.

Needle Injector

30

Perform the same process in the opposite direction.

For a Stronger Connection - Misaligned Lower Jaw

31

You may use the mandibular suture or the needle injector.

To close the mouth and hold the lower jaw in position

32

Some oporators make a bow with the suture or tuck the ends of the wires to permit corrections later.

In the Mandibular Suture

33

This may make it unnecessary to refasten the mouth.

If the jaw is lowered after embalming has fixed the tissues.

34

  • Flat pieces of cotton may be used as padding.
  • The anterior cheek may be filled out using a cylinder of cotton placed internally, high against the cheekbone.

If the Mouth Lacks Projection After Embalming

35

  • Injection of mortuary putty behind the lips.
  • Hypodermic tissue building

Optional Methods - If the mouth lacks projection after embalming

36

Will correct lips that are drawn apart by a post embalming correction.

Cementing the Lips

37

Done to give a pleasant appearance.

Expression Changes After Embalming

38

To recede the lateral ends of the lower lip.

Resetting the Lips

39

  1. Press inward and upward against the lateral ends
  2. Use cement to hold this position

Resetting the lips

40

Occurs when smiling.

Project the Smile Eminence

41

Beside each wing of the nose.

Location - Project the smile eminence

42

Tissue builder - enter the needle within each nostril.

Method Used- Project The Smile Eminence

43

  • Use lip cosmetics to widen the lower mucous membrane.
  • Extend the color to the end of the line of closure.

Illusively Color the Mucous Membranes

44

Always secure permission from the person in authority to:

  • Extract the teeth.
  • Make incisions on the internal surfaces of the alveolar processes to force the teeth inward.

Buck Teeth Treatment

45

Someone never able to close their lips while living may not appear ______ when them closed in death.

Natural

46

A short upper lip.

Cause of being unable to close lips

47

  • Clean the teeth to be seen with household cleansing powder.
  • Paint clear nail polish or liquid sealer to reproduce the salivary glisten of the teeth.

Treatment for Leaving the Teeth Exposed to View

48

Cream the lips inside and out with massage cream or petroleum jelly.

To minimize further separation by dehydration of the lips.

49

  • Mouth Former
  • Lip Cement
  • Support for a receding lower lip
  • Wet Cotton Slings

When lips can be closed with little or no tension

50

Placed beneath the lips.

Mouth Former

51

Placed behind the weather line.

Lip Cement

52

Will bring it forward to make contact with the upper lip.

Use a rolled cylinder of:

  • Cotton
  • Wax
  • Mortuary Putty

Support for a receding lower lip

53

Two 3/4" strips of cotton placed on the lips to encircle the mucous membranes and hold them together.

Wet Cotton Slings

54

  • Cut frenulums
  • Mouth Former Serrations
  • Sutures

For more difficult cases a more stringent method of closure may be necessary

55

The two cords which connect the inner surface of the lips with the gums.

 

Frenulum

56

  • Cut the frenulums
  • Cement
  • Mouth former
  • Then wire the mouth closed.

Cutting the Frenulums

57

The type with sharp tooth prongs may be used to hold the lips together.

  • Smooth mouth formers: may be punctured with an ice pick or awl.
  • Substitute: Metal house flashing

Mouth Former Serration

58

Use only as a final resort because of the distortion of the line of closure this technique causes.

Sutures

59

  • Clean the oral cavity
  • Suture or wire the lower jaw in position.
    • Teeth are slightly apart
    • Lip contact is made without pressure.

Before Embalming- Support for the lips, when some of the teeth are missing.

60

Used for support for the lips.

Cotton Foundation

61

  • Plug any gaps between the teeth with cotton.
  • Prepare two pieces of peeled cotton that are as wide as the line of closure and just less than the height of both gums.
  • Starting with one side place a piece of cotton against the rear teeth and lay it across to the midline.
  • Repeat for the other side.
  • Other flat pieces are added as necessary.
  • Coat the underside of each lip with petroleum jelly.

Cotton Foundation Technique

62

  • Emaciation
  • Dehydration

Causes of Sunken Lips

63

Hypodermic tissue building.

Treatment for Sunken Lips

64

Reduce by:

  • External Pressure
  • Lancing or aspiration
  • Surgical Reduction
  • Electric Tissue Reducer (electric spatula)
  • Pressure between the fingers.

Swollen Lips

65

Used to replace broken or damaged fingernails.

Artificial Nails

66

  • Trim the nail before application
  • Raise the cuticle to hide the base of the fingernail.
    • Cuticle remover- will soften the skin and help prevent tearing.
  • Brush cement on the real fingernail and under the artificial nail, when the cement clouds slip the nail under the cuticle and press firmly together until dry.

Applying Artificial Finger Nails

67

Depends on the habits of the individuals.

  • May not have used this.
  • Use brilliant colors
  • Buffed nails and used clear polish.

Color of Fingernails

68

  • Embalming 
  • Paint the surface with opaque cosmetics

Dicolored Fingernails

69

Use temporary sutures to cross the diseased area and anchor into sound tissues to make any corrections.

Nose Restoration- Distortion by Cancer

70

When the deceased has lain faced downward.

Distortion of the nose by superficial pressure

71

  • Strong hairpins inserted into each nostril.
  • Wooden splints

Recreation of Form - Distortion by superficial pressure on the nose

72

When the skin is undamanged:

  • Bones may be forced back into position by use of an instrument inserted through the nostrils.
  • To maintain this correction: pack with cotton.

Nose Restoration: Distortion by Fracture

73

  • Embalming
  • Decomposition
  • Injury/Trauma
  • Disease

Causes of Swelling

74

  • Cold Water Compress
  • Chemically Saturated Cotton Compress
  • Bandages
  • Water Bags- Eyes
  • Metal Weights
  • Sandbags
  • Reducing Collars

Treatments for Swelling- External Pressure

75

May control or reduce many swellings during and/or after embalming.

External Pressure

76

May be done during and after embalming to reduce swollen tissues.

Lancing and Aspiration

77

The electric tissue reducer which has limited value.

Swelling Treatment- Application of Heat

78

Is effective on:

  • Swollen Eyelids
  • Small Swellings

Electric Spatula

79

Done because after using external pressure a slight puffiness may remain.

  • Hypodermically inject the chemical
  • Wait a minute then press the chemical out through the needle puncture

Injection of a constricting chemical

80

A post operative treatment done before the tissue becomes firm.

Surgical Reduction of Swelling

81

  • External Pressure
  • Lancing and aspiration
  • Application of heat
  • Injection of a constricting chemical
  • surgical reduction

Treatments for Swelling