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Flashcards in Facial Proportions Deck (34):
1

The mathmatical relationship of the size of the features to each other and/or to the head.

Facial Proportions

2

Perfect facial proportions useful in the study of the face and features.

  • Few people exhibit this

Canon of Beauty

3

For the restorative artist, these proportions:

  • Serve as the basis for comparison
  • Are used as a norm so that differences may be more readily noted.

Use of The Canon of Beauty

4

Is oval in outline with the upper portion a little wider than the lower.

The Head

5

This is two thirds the length of the head.

The Greatest Width of The Head

6

This is approximately seven and a half head heights.

  • Tall adults may be eight head lengths in height.

The Average Adult Height

7

Applies to a vertical measurement.

Length

8

Applies to a horizontal measurement.

Width

9

The following lengths are equal (top half):

  • From the normal hairline to the line of the eyebrows.
  • From the line of the eyebrows to the base of the nose.
  • From the base of the nose to the base of the chin.
  • The length of the ear.
  • From the outer corner of the eyelids to the ear passage.

In a Profile View

10

In a profile view, the top of the ear is on the same horizontal plane as the __________.

Eyebrows

11

In a profile view, the bottom of the ear is on the same horizontal plane as the ___________.

Base of the Nose

12

In this view, these lengths are also equal (bottom half):

  • From the base of the nose to the line of closure of the lips.
  • From the line of closure of the lips to the top of the chin.
  • From the top to the bottom of the chin.

In a profile view

13

In a profile view, the line of closure of the lips lies halfway between the base of the nose and the top of the ______.

Chin

14

In a frontal view, the eyes are located half way between the vertex of the cranium and the __________.

Base of the Chin

15

In a frontal view, the face is _______ wide. (At the zygomatic arches).

Five Eyes

16

In a frontal view, the distance betwen the eyes is ______________ wide.

One Eye 

17

In a frontal view, the nose is ______ wide.

One Eye

18

In a frontal view, the mouth is _______ wide.

Two Eyes

19

In addition to the classic proportions:

  • From earpassage to earpassage
  • From the eyebrow to the base of the chin.
  • From the tip of the nose to the earpassage.
  • From the hairline to the base of the nose.

Supplemental Equalities

20

Any great variation from th canon of beauty.

  • Extensive violation of the rules of harmonious proportions.
  • Deformity of the features.
  • Any abnormality

Canon of Ugliness

21

This is what the restorative artist must be.

  • He is not to improve on nature.
  • If a feature is irregular in size and shape, the restoration should reflect that irregularity.

Faithful to The Subject

22

  • Both eyes may not be the same width
  • One side of the mouth may be wider than the other
  • One side of the nose may be wider than the other
  • One cheek may be more prominent than the other
  • The ears exhibit the greatest differences in position, form, and size.

Most People are Asymmetrical

23

  1. Forehead
  2. Cheeks
  3. Superior integumentary lip
  4. Chin

4 Surfaces that Exhibit Similarity of Bilateral Curvature

24

The face is divided eight times, which create six special zones.

  • Can be used as a guide during restorative procedures.

Horizontally

25

Divide the face into two equal halves by drawing a line at the:

  1. Vertex (top) of the cranium
  2. The line of eye closure
  3. Base of the chin

1st Step (Horizontal)

26

Divide the face into three equal parts by drawing lines through:

  1. Hairline
  2. Eyebrows
  3. Base of the nose
  4. Base of the chin

2nd Step (Horizontal)

27

Divide the area between the base of the nose and the base of the chin into three equal parts by drawing lines through:

  1. Base of nose
  2. Line of lip closure
  3. Top of chin
  4. Base of chin

3rd Step (Horizontal)

28

Used to determine the width of head features by using the width of the eye as a standard of measurement.

Vertical Lines

29

  1. Draw a line down the medial corner of each eye. This line will extend to the corner of the wing of the nose.
  2. Extend a line down from the lateral corner of each eye. This line will extend to the sides of the face.
  3. Extend a line down from the middle of the eye. This line will extend to the corner of the mouth

Vertical Line measurement Steps

30

The widest part is measured by the distance between the two parietal eminences.

Head

31

  • The face is three noses long.
  • The length of the nose is equal to the length of the ear.
  • The width of the nose at the wings is equal to the width of an eye.

Nose

32

  • The face is five eyes wide from zygomatic arch to zygomatic arch.
  • The distance between the eyes is equal to the width of one eye.
  • The mouth is two eyes wide.

Eyes

33

  • The superior border of the ear is on the same horizontal plane as the eyebrows.
  • The inferior border of hte ear is on the same horizontal plane as the base of the nose.
  • The face is three ears long.

Ear

34

When using the thumb and the index finger as a unit of measure, hold the thumb parallel to the index finger. The distance from the tip of the thumb tp the tip of the finger is equal to the:

  • Length of the ear
  • Length of the nose
  • The normal hairline to the root of the nose
  • The base of the nose to the bottom of the chin

Thumb and Index finger (Sanders 1980)