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Restorative Art > Cosmetic Orientation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cosmetic Orientation Deck (72):
1

The study of the materials and techniques of applying colorant to stimulate the natural appearance of the deceased for viewing in the funeral setting.

Mortuary Cosmetology

2

  • Replaces lost coloring
  • Compensate for the absorptic effect of funeral illumination
  • Present a well groomed appearance
  • Create a memory picture and ease the families grief.
  • Accent or de-emphasize
  • Harmonize complexion coloring with the clothing and casket interior.
  • Conceal discolorations
  • Match the wax with the color of the complexion

Purpose of Postmortem Cosmetology

3

The achievement of a natural non-cosmetic effect, stimulating the appearance of color coming from within the skin.

Goal of Postmortem Cosmetology

4

By artificial Means

Goal is Achieved

5

  • Study people we see each day.
  • Identify the differences of:
    • Complexions
    • Highlight and Shadow Areas
    • Warm color areas

To Learn What is Natural

6

Applies to the cosmetic embellishment of women who wore cosmetics.

Ornamental Cosmetology

7

The medium itself, commercially prepared for female make up.

Ornamental Cosmetic

8

The technique of cosmetic application dealing with the:

  • Manner of treatment of the lips, cheeks, and eyes.
  • Process of creating illusory alterations

Ornamental Makeup

9

  1. Internal
  2. External

Coloring Methods

10

Achieved by arterial injections of a staining dye with the embalming chemical.

Internal Coloring

11

  • Red (more common)
  • Brown

Colors Used- Internal Coloring

12

Spotting (blotching) of the color caused by imprefect circulation and diffusion.

Possible Problem- Internal Color

13

Achieved by surface application of the cosmetic, by means of:

  • Hand
  • Brush 
  • Sponge
  • Pad
  • Spray

External Coloring

14

  • Liquid cosmetics
  • Cream Cosmetics
  • Powder cosmetics
  • Aerosol cosmetics

Types of External Coloring Media

15

Those which flow and are not solid.

Liquid Cosmetics

16

Those which are semi-solid

Cream Cosmetics

17

Those which are solid and composed of extremely fine particles which may be loose or compressed.

Powder Cosmetics

18

The kind which are sprayed.

Aerosol Cosmetics

19

  • Are quickly applied
  • Will not come off when touched
  • Dry to the touch, so no powder is needed
  • Will not matte on light facial hair
  • Easily removed from hair, eyebrows and eyelashes.

Advantages of Transparent Liquid Cosmetics

20

  • May dehydrate the tissues
  • Limited color range
  • May collect in wells
  • Not compatible with wax

Disadvantages of some Transparent Liquid Cosmetics (Alcohol Based)

21

  • Prevent dehydration
  • Versatility of color
  • Blend well together
  • Easy to correct faults of color
  • Work well with wax

Advantages of semi-opaque cream cosmetics with an oil (or grease)

22

  • Longer to apply
  • Must be warmed before application
  • May over apply
  • Powder cakes
  • Hair must be removed from face
  • Must be dried
  • Soils the clothing
  • Comes off with touching.

Disadvantage of Semi-Solid Cream Cosmetics with an oil (or grease)

23

  • Clear in container
  • Skin is visible
  • No covering ability

Transparent

24

  • Cloudy appearance in container
  • skin is visible
  • no covering ability

Translucent

25

  • Dense in container
  • some visibility of skin
  • some covering ability

Semi-opaque

26

  • Dense in container
  • no visibility of skin
  • has covering ability

Opaque

27

The determinative pigment of all races.

  • Color range- brown to black-brown
  • Location- in the epidermis and the hair

Melanin

28

The yellow pigment of the skin.

  • A varient- corresponding to provitamin A

Carotene

29

Blood in the veins and arteries which affect skin color by its presence in the capillaries.

Hemoglobin and Oxyhemoglobin

30

The cosmetic pigments which simulate skin pigments and are used mainly to alter applied coloring.

  • White
  • Yellow
  • Red 
  • Brown

Basic Pigments

31

Is used to lighten (raise the value) of the applied complexion value.

White

32

Creates the sallow component of the skin.

Yellow

33

Reproduces the warm-color areas (rouging).

Red

34

Supplies the dark tones of the skin.

Brown

35

Combinations of 2 or more of the basic pigments.

Compounds

36

  • Caucasion and light African American- 90-95%
  • Dark African American- 33-50%
  • Black-Brown- A mere suggestion 

Amount of White in a Mixture

37

  1. Unitary
  2. Coordinating

Two types of Complexion Compounds

38

A combination of all 4 of the basic pigments.

Unitary

39

Where two compounds (a tint and a tone) are needed to supply the correct ratio of all four of the basic pigments.

  • By altering the proportions of each, all unitary colors can be made.

Coordinating

40

  • Pre-warm the cosmetic in your palm.
  • Avoid contamination- Use a spatula to transfer cosmetics.
    • Discard left over cosmetic
    • Clean brushes between cases

Softening Cream Cosmetics Before Application

41

  • Blend- On the face of the deceased
  • Pre-mix- On your palm (gloved) when matching is necessary

Localities for Blending and Pre-mixing Cosmetics

42

Transparent and semi-opaque cream cosmetics are often over applied.

  • Blot with a cleaning tissue
  • If the vehicle has dried- Make a second application of the cosmetic and blot immediately.

Reduction of excessive cosmetic to maintain transparency.

43

This will absorb the excess, reducing the cosmetic to a transparent quality.

Blot with a Cleaning Tissue

44

  • Supplies a base for cream cosmetics having an oil or grease vehicle
  • Warm cream on your palm, then blend with your fingers avoiding the hair.
  • Wipe excess cream off so only a film of oil remains.

General Use- Massage Cream

45

  • Most cosmetics can be removed by massage cream.
  • Exception- volatile paint

Cosmetic Removal

46

Use a mortuary dry cleaner for hair.

Solvent removal of traces of massage cream

47

  • When using oil or grease type cosmetics that have to be pre-warmed (on the palm of your hand).
  • Where hair or wax is to applied (wax will not adhere).
  • When applying liquid cosmetics (required dry surface).
  • When opaque cosmetics are to be used (reduces the covering power).

When Not to Use Massage Cream

48

  1. Cleaning
  2. Creaming
  3. Blackheads
  4. Color rinse for the cranial hair
  5. Shaving
  6. Trim Facial Hair
  7. Trim sideburns and temples
  8. Trim a mustache
  9. Hand treatments

Preliminary Grooming

49

  • Clean, bathe and disinfect the deceased
  • Shampoo Hair

Cleaning

50

  • Face and hands
  • Done prior to embalming

Creaming

51

  • Small- anytime
  • Large- after embalming-  May cause leakage if done before.

Blackheads

52

Usually applied before embalming.

Color rinse for the hair

53

  • Common problem- razor burns
  • Safety razor- with the growth
  • Electric razor- Against the growth

Shaving

54

  • Ears and Nose
  • Females- upper lip and chin (depends on the family)

Trim Facial Hair

55

  • Nails Scrubbed
  • Stains Removed- Nicotine (lemon juice or 5% bleach).

Hand Treatments

56

  • The complexion in coloring
  • Alteration of the complexion coloring
  • Corrective shaping
  • Reinstatement of the warm color areas
  • Powdering

General Procedure for cosmetic application on the normal case

57

  • Cheeks 
  • Glabella
  • Chin

Put the mass of the cosmetics on:

58

____ cosmetic out.

Spread

59

  • The cream is thinned out
  • The hairline is lighter than the rest of the face.

Start at the forehead and work toward the hairline

60

  • Lips
  • Cheeks
  • Chin
  • Base of the nose
  • Ears
  • Frontal eminences (males only)

Fill in the Warm areas

61

Will exhibit a slight sheen.

Natural Skin Appearance

62

Will create a dulled (matte) finish.

Powder, as a finishing step of makeup

63

  • Typical- or an ornamental makeup
  • Unnatural- On persons who did not use cosmetics.

A matte Finish is Considered:

64

Gently touch a damn tissue against the powdered make up, hair spray or emollient spray.

  • Removes and excess powder
  • A slight sheen now appears

To erase a matte finish

65

Powder should be removed from tiny ________.

Character Lines

66

  • Corners of the mouth
  • Inner corners of the eye
  • Nasal sulcus beside the wing of the nose

Removal of superfluous powder- Special Care should be given to:

67

  • Powder Brush
  • Texturizing or stipple brush

Brush used- Removal of superfluous powder

68

  • Eyebrows, eyelashes may be brushed with brown or black cosmetics for better contrast
  • Cosmetic application on facial and cranial hair may be used on extensive restorations when solvent use may result in damage.

 

Treatment of Hair with Cosmetics

69

  • Funeral home procedures differ
  • Ideally- the deceased should be dressed and casketed and placed in the viewing environment before applying cosmetics.
    • casket lining and pillow should be covered
    • the deceased clothing:
      • protect the collar and cuffs by using a towel.
      • Place a towel beneath the hands

Dressing, Casketing and Cosmetizing

70

  • Powder and cosmetics which have contaminated the hair may be removed by using:
    • a small cotton swab
    • a small stiff brush
    • an eyebrow brush
  • This removal may be accomplished two ways:
    • dry removal
    • Solvent removal

Final Grooming of the Cranial and Facial Hair

71

Simply wipe the areas to be cleaned.

Dry Removal

72

Use a mortuary dry cleaning chemical, being careful not to drip it on the cosmetized face.

Solvent Removal