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Flashcards in Introduction to Color Theory Deck (43):
1

A visual sensation.

Color

2

One layer of the retina contains receptors (2 types)

How the Eye Distinguishes Color

3

  1. Rods
  2. Cones

Types of Receptors (in the retina)

4

  • Responsible for various degrees of light.
  • Are specialized for visions in dim light.

Rods

5

  • Are responsible for perception of color.
  • Visual acuity-sharpness of vision
  • Are stimulated only by bright light.
    • Cannot see color by dim light.

Cones

6

Is a highly personal experience. Influenced by:

  • Past experience or association
  • Asthetic preference
  • Eye fatigue
  • Visual acuity-sharpness of vision
  • Color blindness

Perception of Color

7

The total or partial inability to distinguish and recognize colors.

Color Blindness

8

  • Responds to red light (Roy)
  • Responds to green light (G)
  • Responds to blue light (Biv)

3 Kinds of Cones contained in the Retina

9

Different combinations of stimulus to the cones produce different colors.

Just as a Painter Mixes Colors

10

  1. Total 
  2. Partial

Types of Color Blindness

11

No color perception. (Uncommon)

  • Can only distinguish different shades of white to black.
  • Missing all 3 types of cones

Total Color Blindness

12

Limited color percepton. (More common).

  • Most common is red-green
    • The cones most receptive to red or green light are missing.
    • Can't distinguish between red or green.

Partial Color Blindness

13

  • A congenital condition
  • Affects males more frequently than females.

Inheritance of Color Blindness

14

Tastefulness in funeral related activities.

  • Color mixing
  • Color selection and arrangement

Knowledge of the Principals of Color

15

  • Paint mixing
  • Room harmonies
  • Flower arrangements
  • Funeral setting
  • Colored lighting
  • Landscaping
  • Clothing and casket interior harmony
  • Cosmetology
  • Display room
  • Psychology
  • Web-site design
  • Funeral illumination

Utilizing Color

16

Proper lighting to use when viewing the deceased.

  • Funeral home
  • Church or other public building
  • Lying in state
  • Gravesite

Funeral Illumination

17

  • Were made up of arbitrary standards by the artists.
    • Color does not appear the same to all people.
  • There were many rationalizations, but no agreements.

Early Theories of Color

18

  • Argued the need for uniformity
  • Sought to establish standards and ways to identify color.

Arrival of the Scientific Age- 17th Century Scientists

19

Discovered dispersion and the spectrum by experimenting in 1666.

Sir Isaac Newton

20

In a darkened room a small slit was made in the window shade to allow a beam of sunlight to pass through a prism which bent into a band of pure colors identified as the spectrum.

Newton's Experiment

21

Breaking up white light (sunlight) into its many colors.

  • accomplished by using a prism

Dispersion

22

Colors of the rainbow.

  • Colors of Roy G Biv
  • Pure colors that always appear in the same order.

Spectrum

23

Primary colors of light and are also the three types of cones in the eye.

Initials R.G.B.

24

Became the original "Scientific standard of color."

The Spectrum

25

  1. Red
  2. Orange
  3. Yellow
  4. Green
  5. Blue
  6. Indigo
  7. Violet

Order of Colors in the Spectrum

26

Were able to measure the wavelengths of the visible spectrum in fine units called microns.

Physicists of Later Years

27

Fine units of the wavelengths of the visible spectrum.

Microns

28

Different colors have different ____ _____.

Wave Lengths

29

Has a long wave length, beyond this it goes into the invisible infra-red waves of heat.

Red

30

Has a short wave length, beyond this it goes onto the invisible ultra-violet rays.

Violet

31

Was eliminated from the spectrum because of its closness to blue and violet.

Newton's Indigo

32

 

  • An object's color is identified by the wave lengths of light it reflects.
  • The other rays are absorbed and converted into heat rays.
  • All objects absorb and reflect some light.

Absorption - Reflection

33

  • Reflect all colors in white light equally.
  • There is a small amount of absorption.
  • Reflected rays are not as vivid as light.

Absorption-Reflection: White Object

34

  • Absorbs all colors
  • Only a small amount of reflection
  • Object is not as dark as the absence of light

Absorption-Reflection: Black Object

35

The principals of light and pigment are ______.

Different

36

 The combination of all colors.

Light (White Light- Sunlight)

37

The absence of all colors.

Light- Black

38

The combination of all colors.

Pigment: Black

39

Involves combining of wave lengths.

White Light

40

Deals with the subtraction of wave lengths.

Pigmentary Mixtures

41

  • Chromatic
  • Achromatic

Types of Color

42

Colors comparable to the colors of the spectrum plus those produced by their mixtures.

Chromatic

43

Colors not appearing on the visible spectrum.

  • Neutral colors: white, black, and gray.

Achromatic