Wax Modeling Flashcards Preview

Restorative Art > Wax Modeling > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wax Modeling Deck (25):

  1. Various waxes
  2. Oils
  3. Starch
  4. Pigments
  5. Scent

Composition of Restorative Waxes


  • Reproduce the light refractive characteristics of skin.
  • Become pliable at body temperature
  • Adhere to cold tissue
  • Remain intact with changing temperature
  • Taper well
  • Accept most cream or powder cosmetics

Quality Restorative Waxes


  1. Soft (surface restorer)
  2. Medium (restorative)
  3. Firm (wound filler)
  4. Lip-wax

Types of Restorative Waxes


  • Soft surface repairs
  • Razor burns
  • Abrasions
  • Wherever a thin film of wax is all that is needed.

Soft Wax (Surface Restorer)


  • A firmer wax
  • For feature restoration
  • Can be used for shallow surface repairs when warmed.

Medium (Restorative)


  • The hardest wax
  • For feature restoration, deep fill and large cavity restorations.
  • Firm wax requires firmly embalmed tissue and a basket-weave suture.
    • Must have tissue that is firm and dry

Firm Wax (Wound Filler)


  • Very soft wax
  • For surfacing over the mucous membranes
  • Also for correcting lip separations.



  • Knead wax in hand (lightens color)
  • Immerse in warm water (put in plastic bag)
  • Massage cream
  • White petroleum jelly
  • Cream cosmetic-use firm wax

To soften wax


  • Drying poweder (talc)
  • Starch (cornstarch)
  • Pigment powder - when color is desired
  • Chill
  • Cold water (in a plastic bag)
  • Note: may be a loss of adhesiveness, if that happens, add white petroleum jelly.

To Firm Wax


May determine the wax to be used.

The temperature of the room


  • Upon wax
  • Mixed with wax
  • Under the wax, as a concealing undercoat. ex-razor burns.

Cosmetics can be applied


Only these types of cosmetics can be used with wax.

Opaque Cosmetics


  • Usually done with fingers wiped clean and coated with:
    • Water
    • White petroleum jelly
    • Massage cream
  • Solvent (hydrocarbon) and a brush.
    • will accomplish terminal polishing
    • allow the solvent (chemical) time to evaporate.

Smoothing the Wax Surface


  • Occurs at the tapered margin of a thin surface application.
    • A spatula may be used to draw wax across margins.
    • Brush smoothing may help.

Greatest problem while smoothing


  • Will stick to fingers and instruments.
  • To eliminate sticking:
    • must keep fingers and instruments clean
    • they may be coated with:
      • water
      • white petroleum jelly
      • massage cream

Problems encountered while handling warm wax


  • Stipple brush
  • lintless gauze
  • paper hand-towel

Skin Texture Reproduction- Pores


A round brush with firm bristles of the same length.

  • Most common method

Stipple Brush


  • Before application of cosmetic
  • While blending cream cosmetics put on face.
  • After makeup with cream cosmetics- before powdering.
  • After powdering- done through applied powder

Stippling may be done:


  • Keep two brushes
  • When one becomes contaminated, clean with a solvent (hydrocarbon)
  • Set brush aside to dry
  • Continue with other clean brush

The stipple brush must be kept clean because a dirty brush will disturb the edges and pull up the wax.


  • Dampen gauze
  • Lay it over the wax and rub
    • Advantage- less danger of damage to wax
    • Disadvantage- Regularity of the weave (move it around and rotate the position to resolve this).

Lintless Gauze


  • Heavy, coarse towel with rough texture; commercial quality
  • Dampen towel
  • Laid over wax and rubbed

Paper hand-towel


  • May be drawn on the surface with a blunt edged instrument.
  • Ligature
  • After cosmetics have been completed

Furrows (wrinkles)


  • Stippling will modify the depth
  • Brush and solvent smoothing can also erase sharp edges

May be drawn on the surface with a blunt-edged instrument.


  • Moisten ligature and lay it on the wax surface.
  • Gently rub with fingers
  • The edge will not be as sharp as the blunt-edged method.

Ligature (for furrows)


  • Lay thin plastic on the surface.
  • Draw through it with a dull instrument.

After cosmetics have been completed (for furrows)