Facial Markings Flashcards Preview

Restorative Art > Facial Markings > Flashcards

Flashcards in Facial Markings Deck (56):
1

Caused by muscles.

Facial Markings

2

  • Heredity
  • Age
  • Environment
  • Muscle striation and action
  • Position of the body
  • Condition of the body

Factors Responsible For Facial Markings

3

Facial markings come from the genetic make-up of our parents. We may share some similarities with our parents.

 

Heredity

4

The rule of tumb is that the number of facial markings we have increase in age. Aging factors:

  • Loss of muscle mass
  • Stretching of the skin
  • How our skin was cared for throughout life

Age

5

The main factor is exposure to the sun. People who are exposed to excessive amounts of sun:

  • Darker complexion
  • More lines
  • Firmer, less soft skin texture

Environment

6

The more muscle is worked, the firmer it becomes. The reverse is also true if muscles are not worked. They can soften and sag. Either way, it can affect the number and description of our facial markings.

Muscle Striation and Action

7

The affect of gravity will cause a difference in appearance when the body is:

  • Standing erect- direction is inferior
  • Supine Position- lying down, sag is posterior and lateral

Position of The Body

8

Lying Down

Supine Position

9

  • Rapid loss of weight
  • Pathological conditions
  • Corpulence vs emaciation 
  • Trauma
  • Disease

Condition of The Body

10

A linear crevice in the skin accompanied by bordering elevations.

  • Not as evident on women

Furrow (Sulcus, Wrinkle)

11

An elongated depression on a surface or relatively level plane.

  • I.E., Philtrum

Groove

12

An elongated prominence of flesh which abuts convexly against an adjacent surface; an enlongated prominence adjoining a surface.

  • It may exhibit a definite margin.
  • I.E., naso-labial 

Fold

13

Those facial markings that are present from birth.

Natural Facial Markings

14

Those facial markings which may develop.

Acquired Facial Markings

15

  • Philtrum
  • Nasolabial Fold
  • Nasal Sulcus
  • Oblique Palpebral Sulcus
  • Angulus Oris Eminence
  • Angulust Oris Sulcus
  • Labiomental Sulcus
  • Submental Sulcus
  • Dimples

Natural Facial Markings (9)

16

The vertical groove located medially on the upper lip located between the columna nasi and the medial lobe of the mucous membrane of the upper lip.

  • Natural

Philtrum

17

Form of the borders of the philtrum:

(  )

18

Centrally or low.

Position of the greatest depth of the philtrum

19

The prominence of the anterior part of the cheek  adjacent to the corners of the mouth which runs from the superior margin of the nasal wing to the side of the mouth.

  • Natural

Nasolabial Fold

20

The small angular area formed by the junction of the posterior margin of the nasal wing and the superior end of the nasolabial fold.

  • Natural

Nasal Sulcus

21

The shallow, curving groove below the inner corner of the eyelids, moving laterally downward.

  • Natural
  • Length- Varies
  • Color- Dark

Oblique Palpebral Sulcus

22

The small convex prominence lateral to the end of the line of lip closure.

  • Natural

Angulus Oris Eminence

23

The groove at each end of the line of closure of the mouth.

  • Natural

Angulus Oris Sulcus

24

The angulus oris sulcus at this time is a small, triangular depression.

Youth

25

The angulus oris sulcus at this time becomes oblique, moving inferio-laterally from the end of the line of closure.

Late Maturity

26

The junction of the ower lip and the chin (submandibular area) which may appear as a furrow.

  • Natural

Labiomental Sulcus

27

Linear Form of the Labiomental Sulcus

An Arch

28

The junction of the base of the chin and the sub-mandibular area, which may appear as a furrow.

  • Natural

Submental Sulcus

29

Shallow depressions located on the cheeks or chin, either rounded or vertical.

  • Natural

Dimples

30

  • Rounded 
  • Vertical

Forms of Dimples

31

  • Medially on the chin:
    • The inferior part
    • Centrally
  • Cheek
    • Near the nasolabial fold, on the level with the line of closure of the mouth.
    • In the middle of the cheek.

Location of Dimples

32

  • Nasolabial sulcus
  • Transverse frontal sulci
  • Interciliary sulci
  • Optic facial sulci
  • Superior palpebral sulcus
  • Inferior palpebral sulcus
  • Bucco-facial sulcus
  • Mandibular sulcus
  • Labial sulci
  • Platysmal sulci
  • Cords of the Neck

Acquired Facial Markings

33

The furrow which may be developed along the margin of the nasolabial fold; the furrow originating at the superior border of hte wing of the nose and extending to the side of the mouth,

  • Acquired

Nasolabial Sulcus

34

The horizontal furrows of the forehead.

  • Acquired
  • Caused by actions of the occipitofrontalis muscle

Transverse Frontal Sulci

35

Slight dip medially.

Common Form of The Transverse Frontal Sulci

36

  • Broken
  • Broken with short overlapping
  • Continuous

Continuity of Form: Transverse Frontal Sulci

37

Those Transverse frontal sulci near the ______ are deeper.

Eyebrows

38

The vertical or horizontal furrows between the eyebrows.

  • Acquired

Interciliary Sulci

39

Lie on the glabella.

Vertical Interciliary Sulci (Frowning)

40

Lie across the root of the nose.

Transverse Interciliary Sulci (Concentrating)

41

The furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye to the side of the face.

  • Are among the first acquired furrows to appear.

Optic Facial Sulci (Crows Feet)

42

The furrow of the upper (attached) border of the upper eyelid.

  • Acquired
  • May be completely absent
  • Only partially present
  • Continuous from one end of the upper eyelid to the other.

Superior Palpebral Sulcus

43

  • Outer corner- creates a sharp angle
  • Inner corner- creates a rounding angle

Angle Created With The Line of Closure - Inferior and Superior palpebral sulcus

44

The furrow of the lower (attached) border of the lower eyelid.

  • Acquired
  • May be completely absent
  • Only partially present
  • Continuous from one end of the lower eyelid to the other.

Inferior Palpebral Sulcus

45

This palpebral sulcus is shorter.

Inferior Palpebral Sulcus

46

The vertical, slightly curved furrow of the soft tissues of the cheek.

  • Acquired

Bucco-Facial Sulcus

47

Located slightly lateral to the mouth.

Short Type of Bucco-Facial Sulcus

48

Located centrally on the cheek.

Longer Type of Bucco-Facial Sulcus

49

The furrow which orginates below the jawline and extends upward on each cheek (vertically).

  • Acquired

Mandibular Sulcus

50

May develop in conjunction with folds of hanging skin.

Serrated Jawline (Multiple Form) - Mandibular Sulcus

51

The vertical furrows of the lips extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lips.

  • Acqured

Labial Sulci (Furrows of Age)

52

They appear first on the upper lip and later on the lower lip.

Labial Sulci- Order of Appearance

53

From middle age and/or after the loss of teeth, smoking.

Occurrance of Labial Sulci

54

The transverse, dipping furrows of the neck.

  • Acquired
  • Simple or multiple

Platysmal Sulci

55

  • Broken
  • Broken with short overlapping
  • Continuous

Continuity of Forms- Platysmal Sulci

56

Vertical prominences of the neck; may be long or short.

  • Acquired
  • May be found on some older persons.
  • There are several types

Chords of The Neck