conditions final study guide (1) Flashcards Preview

human conditions > conditions final study guide (1) > Flashcards

Flashcards in conditions final study guide (1) Deck (83)
Loading flashcards...
1

what is tinnitus?

a ringing sound

2

what kind of hearing loss is tinnitus?

sensorineural

3

what causes tinnitus?

Noise-induced hearing loss, disease of the heart or blood vessels, Meniere’s disease, brain tumors, hormonal changes, thyroid abnormalities

TMJ issues

4

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is what kinda disorder?

vertigo disorder

5

What test is used for benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo?

Hallpike maneuver test

6

In this condition: crystals of carbonate (otonoia) are displaced due to viral infection, head trauma, aging, idiopathic
Attacks triggered by movement; lasts a minute at a time

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

7

What condition has excessive endolymph and fluctuating hearing loss with progressive, eventually permanent hearing loss?

Meniere's Disease

8

This inner ear disease impacts balance and hearing?

Meniere's Disease

9

Symptoms of this disease include hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo, and fullness?

Meniere's Disease

10

Meniere's Disease is what kinda condition?

sensorineural hearing loss

11

what is age related hearing loss?

prebycusis

12

what kinda hearing loss is prebycusis?

sensorineural

13

Most likely due to a loss of hair cells
Can be due to changes in blood supply to the ear

prebycusis

14

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is what kinda condition?

sensorineural

15

Does not cause a headache

Can affect the ears, vision, and balance (visual auro)

Unsteadyness + Loss of Balance

Second most common cause of vertigo
Lasts minutes or hours

vestibular migrane (sensorineural)

16

ear infection (pain)

ottis media

17

where is ottis media?

outer and middle ear

18

what kind of hearing loss is ottis media?

conductive hearing loss

19

what is external otitis?

infection in the ear canal

20

what kind of hearing disorder is external otitis?

conductive hearing loss

21

malformation of the outer ear is what kinda hearing loss?

conductive hearing loss

22

conductive hearing loss other examples

malformation of the outer ear
perforated eardrum
ottis media
external otitis
earwax
otoscleorsis

23

what is otoscleorsis?

abnormal growth of bone in ears

24

what is ability of a substance to destroy or damage the vestibular structures?

Vestibulotoxicity

25

Labyrinitis and vestibular neuritis is what?

inner ear disorder (inflammation)

26

presence of a foreign body is what kinda hearing loss?

conductive hearing loss

27

where is the cochlea found?

in the inner ear

28

what does the cochlea focus on?

frequency + intensity

29

When sound pressure is transmitted to the fluids of the inner ear by the stapes, the pressure wave deforms the basilar membrane in an area that is specific to the frequency of the vibration in this way, higher frequencies cause movement in the base of the cochlea, and deep work at the apex. This is called.....

tonotopic organization

30

Where is the apex of the cochlea and what frequencies do the hair cells of the basilar membrane respond to at the apex?

pressure waves deform the basilar membrane