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Flashcards in falls Deck (11)
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1

risk factors for falls

Cognitive decline (executive dysfunction)
Environmental factors
Poor footwear
Rushing
Weakness

2

increases the fall-risk and may lead to decreased quality of life, activity restriction, loss of independence and fall-risk

the fear of falling

3

conenction between anxiety and movement

Individuals who are anxious tend to display a stiffening strategy
Shorter stride
Reduction in motion of bilateral lower extremities
Reduced gait speed
In static tasks these strategies may be helpful, but in walking, it can result in a fall

4

conenction between anxiety and vision

Anxiety may also impact the visual search behavior of an individual
May get fixated on a potential threat to their balance

5

vision

The normal aging process of the visual system varies depending on genetic factors and lifestyle choices
Has a significant impact on engagement in occupations
Approximately 33% of individuals over the age of 65 have some vision-reducing eye condition

6

compromised vision

Individual Factors
Poor visual contrast sensitivity and acuity
Reduced visual field
Decreased depth perception
Environmental Factors
Poor lighting

7

neuromuscular changes

Age related changes in the musculoskeletal system due to aging
Research has shown that exercise and strength training can be highly effective

8

could be typical cognitive decline or dementia related
maintain and/or enhance cognitive skills

cognitive changes

9

what addresses the following concerns?
Working memory
Processing speed
Inductive reasoning
Computer based
Paper-and-pencil

prevention: cogntion

10

visual changes

Critical sensory systems
Has a role in social interactions and safety
Macular degeneration
Diabetic retinopathy

11

prevention: vision

Delaying onset of vision loss due to medical conditions
Compensatory strategies
Related to visual field loss
Peripheral
Central
Decluttering spaces