Flashcards in disability models and perspectives Deck (50)
what model believes that medicine seeks to cure medical conditions and alleviate symptoms?
medical model perspective
what model are disability rights advocates critical of?
what does the ADA entail?
individual with an disability has a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more major life activities, has a record of it or is regarded as having an impairment
physical impairments include
phsyiology disorder/condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting the body systems
“to provide a clear and comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities,
to assure equality of opportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for such individuals.”
purpose of ADA
social security perspective of disability asks what 5 questions
are you working? if yes, and make more than $1260 month, then not disabled?
is it severe? it must interfere w work related activities, or will not be considered as disabled
is condition found in the list of disabling conditions?
can you do the work you did previously?
can you do another type of work?
nations oldest social insurance
has no federal role (regulated by state), great variability by state
does every state entitle injured workers to medical benefits
in most workers' compensation cases, the only direct costs are those for what?
when do temp total disability benefits cease?
when the worker has returned to employment at or near the pre-injury wage level
when worker is found medically able to work
most expensive category of cases are for (can take years to resolve)
permanent partial disability
Sees people with disabilities as victims, disability can be seen as a deficit.
Persons with disabilities are not able to help themselves and to lead an independent life.
Their situation is tragic, and they are suffering.
Consequently, the need special services, special institutions, such as special schools or homes.
considers people with disabilies to be cured
pushes disabled ppl to become patients
issue of disability is limited to the individual
disabled person has to be changed, not society
disability as a result of societal organization
disabilty depends not only on individual but also enviroment (disabled or enabling)
societal shortcomings lead to discrimination and barriers to participate are due to
attitudes, enviromental, and instituional
focuses on fulfilment of human rights
society has a responsibility to ensure that all people– including people w disabilities–have equal participation
rights-based model has what 2 elements
empowerment and accountability
Individuals have the right to equal opportunities
Infringements upon the innate drive to engage in life sustaining occupations
this perspective in any disability discussion is necessary to examine the effects of daily contextual in justices on occupational performance
occupational justice perspective
ICF stands for
international classification of functioning, disability, and health (created by WHO)