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Flashcards in dementia + deliruim Deck (11)
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1

progressive dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease
Vascular Dementia
Second most common cause of Dementia
Lewy Body Dementia
Frontotemporal Dementia
Mixed Dementia

2

Most common cause of dementia in people ages 65 and older

Alzheimer’s Disease

3

stages and details (slide 12)

mild, moderate, severe

4

early mid late dementia OT role

see slide 19

5

how long does deliruim last?

hours 
days 
weeks 
months

6

cognitive symptoms of dementia

Cognitive Impairment
Poor memory (difficulty recalling events)
Disorientation
Difficulty speaking or recalling words
Rambling
Trouble understanding speech
Difficulty reading or writing
Inability to stay focused or on topic
Easily distracted

7

behavioral symptoms of dementia

Hallucinations
Restlessness, agitation or combative behavior
Moaning or making sounds
Flat affect (withdrawn from environment)
Lethargy
Disturbed sleep habits
Reversal of night-day sleep-wake cycle

8

emotional symptoms of dementia

Anxiety, fear or paranoia
Depression
Irritability or anger
Euphoria
Apathy
Unpredictable mood shifts
Personality changes

9

differences w dementia and deliruim

see slide 31

10

Hypoactive Delirium or “Quiet Delirium”

Higher mortality in hypoactive than hyperactive
Patient presents with:
Disorientation
Apathy
Lethargy
Reduced motor activity
Sluggishness
Drowsiness

11

OT role in deliruim treatment

Non-pharmacological prevention of delirium in ICU
Modification of visual or auditory stimuli
Noise reduction (earplugs), lighting control (eye mask), music therapy
Education on environment interventions
To the patient and family
To health care workers
Orientation
Cognitive Therapy
Physical exercise
Early mobilization protocols