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Flashcards in geriatric syndromes Deck (9)
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1

who are the baby boomers?

3 – 4 million babies born between 1946 – 1964
About 25% of U.S. population

2

Fulmer SPICES: Assessment Tool for Older Adults

Focuses on the six marker conditions that coincide with the five common conditions defined as geriatric syndromes
Sleep disturbances
Problems with eating and/or feeding
Incontinence
Confusion
Evidence of falls
Skin breakdown

3

fraility syndromes

Common older adults clinical syndrome
Increased risk for poor health outcomes (falls, disability, hospitalization, mortality)

4

Can be described as a culmination of the effects (decline) from the aging process on the human body


Difficult to define, but clinicians generally agree that “you’ll know it when you see it”

fraility syndromes

5

what is sarcopenia?

declining muscle mass, strength, and function

6

fraility syndromes

Muscle atrophy (40% decrease in mus. mass by 80s)
Osteopenia & osteoporosis (fracture risk, stooped posture)
Decreased mobility, sedentary
Involuntary weight loss

7

No standard definition
Operationally defined by Fried et al. as meeting three out of five criteria
low grip strength
low energy
slowed waking speed
low physical activity
and/or unintentional weight loss
Requires three of the above five to be defined as frailty

fraility

8

musculoskeletal effects

Weakness and slowed motor response are cardinal features of frailty
Sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass and strength) can occur rapidly after age 50
accelerated by chronic diseases
a major contributor to disability

9

what is an important contributor to sarcopenia?

chronic inflammation