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Flashcards in geriatric syndromes Deck (9)
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who are the baby boomers?

3 – 4 million babies born between 1946 – 1964
About 25% of U.S. population


Fulmer SPICES: Assessment Tool for Older Adults

Focuses on the six marker conditions that coincide with the five common conditions defined as geriatric syndromes
Sleep disturbances
Problems with eating and/or feeding
Evidence of falls
Skin breakdown


fraility syndromes

Common older adults clinical syndrome
Increased risk for poor health outcomes (falls, disability, hospitalization, mortality)


Can be described as a culmination of the effects (decline) from the aging process on the human body

Difficult to define, but clinicians generally agree that “you’ll know it when you see it”

fraility syndromes


what is sarcopenia?

declining muscle mass, strength, and function


fraility syndromes

Muscle atrophy (40% decrease in mus. mass by 80s)
Osteopenia & osteoporosis (fracture risk, stooped posture)
Decreased mobility, sedentary
Involuntary weight loss


No standard definition
Operationally defined by Fried et al. as meeting three out of five criteria
low grip strength
low energy
slowed waking speed
low physical activity
and/or unintentional weight loss
Requires three of the above five to be defined as frailty



musculoskeletal effects

Weakness and slowed motor response are cardinal features of frailty
Sarcopenia (loss of muscle mass and strength) can occur rapidly after age 50
accelerated by chronic diseases
a major contributor to disability


what is an important contributor to sarcopenia?

chronic inflammation