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Flashcards in midterm questions! Deck (65)
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1

What is a treatment for Dupuytrens contracture?

a. Collagen injected into the Dupuytren tissue
b. Needle aponeurotomy to cut the tissue
c. Skin grafts

2

What is the conservative treatment for Impingement Syndrome (shoulder bursitis/rotator cuff tendonitis)?

a. Relieve pain and rest the joint to reduce swelling
b. NSAID
c. avoid overhead activities
d. cortisone injections
e. surgery

3

What is a sign of scaphoid fracture?

a. Deep, dull pain in the radial side of the wrist that worsens with gripping or squeezing
b. Swelling and bruising
c. Tenderness to palpation of the anatomical snuffbox

4

Which condition has symptoms of pain to the lateral epicondyle area when gripping?

a. Elbow lateral epicondylitis “Tennis Elbow”

5

Which layer does damage usually occur in a contusion?

Damage usually occurs in the layer closest to the bone.

6

Which brachial plexus injury has the most poor prognosis?

Neurotmesis- entire nerve has been divided

7

Which nerve injury is the least severe?

Neuropraxia- temporary conduction block in the nerve. Recovery can take up to 12 weeks.

8

During which brachial plexus injury is the nerve pulled out from the spinal cord?

Avulsion

9

The two main elements of empowerment and accountability are part of which model of disability?

Rights-based model perspective

10

Which model of disability implies the removal of attitudinal, physical, and institutional barriers will improve the lives of disabled people?

Social model of disability

11

What are two potential complications of a scaphoid fracture?

a. Non-union of bone fragments
b. Avascular necrosis of scaphoid
c. Arthritis

12

What causes a Boutonniere deformity?

a. Forceful blow to bent finger
- PIP joint will be flexed, while DIP joint is extended.

13

Which type of fracture shatters the bone into many pieces?

Comminuted fractures usually occur from a high energy force and are often unstable

14

Which fracture has a risk of infection?

Compound fractures break through the skin

15

Which direction approach is the most common for a total hip replacement?

Posterior approach

16

What is the most common grade of ACL injury?

Grade 3- complete tear of the ligament where the ligament splits into two pieces and creates an unstable knee joint.

17

When is a partial or total hip replacement considered for treatment?

When optimal realignment of the fracture is not possible or practical with internal fixation

18

What is the most common metabolic bone disorder?

Osteoporosis

19

What term is used to describe loss of bone density?

Osteopenia

20

What is the cause of the primary type of Osteoporosis?

Age related bone loss (senile osteoporosis) or the cause may be unknown (idiopathic osteoporosis)

21

Which class of drugs has a long onset of action?

Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can take several weeks or months to demonstrate a clinical effect

22

How do Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) work? Ex. Aspirin, ibuprofen, etc.

Work by blocking production of prostaglandins.
Prostaglandins cause pain, swelling, and inflammation.

23

Which class of drugs works to prevent release of substances in the body that cause inflammation?

Glucocorticoids (corticosteroids/ steroid medications)
Ex. Prednisone

24

What is a condition that occurs as a side effect of taking corticosteroids?

a. Cushing syndrome and cushingoind appearance. (weight gain and fat desposits around face)
b. High blood pressure, high blood sugar, risk of cataracts, and avascular necrosis of bones.

25

Which class of drugs has been shown to alter the disease course of rheumatoid arthritis and improve radiographic outcomes?

Disease Modifying Anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS)

26

What are the phases of wound healing?

Inflammation (1-3 days), Proliferation (1-2 weeks), Remodeling or maturation (1-2 years)

27

What are the types of wound debridement?

Autolytic, Enzymatic, Surgical, Mechanical, and Maggot

28

What may be the result of constant pressure and friction resulting from weight over a localized area for prolonged duration?

Pressure ulcers

29

Which degree burn extends only beyond the Epidermis?

Second degree

30

What is the most common degree burn?

First degree